Difference between Moisturizer and Lotion
Key difference: A lotion is essentially a light consistency of cream that is usually applied on the body for different reasons. A moisturizer, on the other hand, is a cream that moisturizes the skin. It may have a slightly thicker or lighter consistency than a lotion and is more often than not designed to be applied on the face.
A moisturizer and a lotion are both types of creams that can be applied to the body for different uses and effects. Where and when these are applied constitute the difference between them. A lotion is essentially a light consistency of cream that is usually applied on the body for different reasons. A moisturizer, on the other hand, is a cream that moisturizes the skin. It may have a slightly thicker or lighter consistency than a lotion and is more often than not designed to be applied on the face.
Lotion is a cream with a high water base and low oil content. It is designed mainly for body use and available in a large selection. There are body lotions, hand lotions, foot lotions, baby lotion, etc. However, nowadays, some lotions have appeared on the market, which are designed for the face or people suffering with acne, as it has light consistency which won’t clog pores.
Lotions have a variety of ingredients such as fragrances, glycerol, petroleum jelly, dyes, preservatives, proteins and stabilizing agents. They can be used for a variety of reasons, such as antibiotics, antiseptics, anti-fungal, corticosteroids, anti-acne agents, and for soothing, smoothing, moisturizing or as a protective agent.
A moisturizer, on the other hand, is only used for moisturizing, which is why it can be said that all moisturizers are lotions, but not all lotions are moisturizers. They come in a variety of consistencies. Those with a lighter texture are designed for everyday moisturizing, whereas those with a heavier consistency are suitable for night use.
Moisturizers prevent and treat dry skin, protect sensitive skin, improve skin tone and texture, and can be used to mask imperfections. There are also a number of moisturizers that are formulated with additional anti-aging and treatment ingredients. These have gained a lot of popularity in modern times, as many women are trying to impede skin-aging. This trend is wide supported and popularized by media and advertising.
The way moisturizers work is by holding water in the outermost layer of skin and acting as a temporary barrier for moisture evaporating from the skin. These are done by the occlusive moisturizers. The humectants attract water from the air to moisturize the skin. Some moisturizers also try to restore natural moisturizing factors on the skin such as amino-lipids, back to the skin. There are many specific types of moisturizers designed, which are more suited for each of the different skin types: normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, aging skin, and sensitive skin.
Both lotions and moisturizers can be applied to the body and face. However, the specially formulated lotions and moisturizers are each designed specifically for their corresponding type of skin. Lotions are heavier and are designed for really dry areas. The face is more sensitive that the body, so it is more suited to moisturizers. Applying lotions to the face might result in making the skin oily, acne-prone, or actually drier. Also, applying both lotions and moisturizers can have some adverse risks, such as the safety of the ingredients in the product and the risk of bacterial contamination, which can cause acne among other things. Some people might be allergic to the ingredients in the product, which is why one should always read the label. However, every skin is different, so one should try and see which is best for them.
Image Courtesy: api.net.nz, highonhealth.org