Difference between Indian Culture and Western Culture

Key Difference: Indian Culture refers to the customs, traditions, religions and set of rules that are followed in India, while the Western Culture most commonly refers to culture that is followed in America and Europe.

This topic is always debatable and frankly there is never a winner as to which culture is better. Both are different types of culture and customs that are followed in different parts of the world. Indian Culture refers to the customs, traditions, religions and set of rules that are followed in India, while the Western Culture most commonly refers to culture that is followed in America and Europe. Both the cultures differ from each other in the traditional mindset, however, in today’s world both the cultures are coming to a mix. The Indian Culture has been dealing with westernization for a few decades now and the Western Culture has started developing a taste for the exotic Indian food and yoga.

Indian culture can be broken down into two parts; traditional culture and modern culture. Traditional Indian culture is the one that is followed in the rural areas of India, while modern culture is in the urban areas. The traditional culture has been on a continuous decline, with westernization play a huge part in an attempt to bridge the gap between different cultures. The Indian culture is one of the oldest cultures and has been around for several millennia. It encompasses various different cultures that are in the different part of the country.

Indian cultures place a lot of important on society; everything a person does has an effect on society’s perception of the person. Everything from going to a certain school, to dressing a certain way and even getting married, reflects the type of person you are to the society. Major religions part of the Indian culture includes Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and even Catholicism. Family is the second most important part of a person; from an early age a child is taught the importance of a family and the part he/she is expected to play in the family. Girls are most commonly taught about cooking, while boys are taught family business.

The Indian cuisine, now popular all over the world, has distinct and rich flavors full of spices. The cuisine varies from region to region; northern, southern, eastern, western and north-eastern. Food from each region can be distinguished by uses of different herbs, spices and cooking techniques. A variety of Indian food has also been influenced by Persians and Mughals. India is also popular for its desserts, known as mithai.

Marriages also play an important part in a person’s life. Arrange marriages still play a huge part in rural India, where families pick out a proper bride and groom for the children to marry with their children’s permission. Love marriages are gaining popularity in India specifically among urban areas. Since a major importance is placed on family, Indian cultures suggest living in joint families, where parents, male children, children’s spouses and grandchildren, all reside in the same house. However, nuclear families have started receiving more importance in urban families.

Clothing that is considered appropriate for women according to Indian culture, includes salwar-kameez, chudidar, saris and clothes that are not too revealing or tight in fitting. India is still a male-driven society and gender equality is something that is still being fought for by women in many rural places in India, where women are still considered lesser compared to men. This is changing, are more women are fighting for their rights to be considered equal in society. Indian culture is also popular for its various different colorful festivals that take place throughout the year.

Western Culture received its start from the Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, which spread under the Roman Empire to different parts of the world. It is heavily influenced by Christianity and was stagnant during the Dark Ages. The Renaissance in the 14-17th century is considered to have rebirth the western civilization, which was further promoted by the Scientific Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment. In today’s definition Western culture is most commonly associated with modern societies such as US, UK and Europe.

The core importance of Western Cultures are placed on individuals, they most commonly believe in making themselves happy first as an individual rather than trying to placate the society. A person does as he wishes and does all the things that make him/her happy, even if it does not please the society. Major religions that influence the Western culture are Christianity and Judaism. Similar to US being a melting pot for different types of people from different countries, Western culture is also considered as a melting pot of various cultures of different people from different countries. It includes cultures from India, Latin America, Europe, etc.

Cuisine also varies in this culture; however, meat is the core ingredient in almost all meals. Western culture includes cooking styles of Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, India, Italy, etc. Every person has their own way of cooking a certain dish and ingredients can vary depending on the person. The flavors also vary depending on the ingredients of the dish. Western culture is mainly known for its popular fast foods such as burgers, tacos, hot dogs, pretzels, etc.

Western cultures mainly believe in nuclear families, where once the child reaches a certain age, they move out of their parents’ house into their own home. A child receives independence at the age of 18 and is considered as an adult at that point of age. Depending on the household, a child can either continue living there until marriage or move out at the age of 18. A child is also expected to start working at that age, at least part time along with college.

In this culture, a person also has the freedom to choose who they want to get married to, if they want to get married at all. All of the marriages are consented and love marriages. A person is not forced into a marriage under the consent of the parents. However, in the olden days, mainly for women, fathers used to choose an appropriate suitor.

 A number of different festivals are also celebrated in the Western culture. These religions mostly have religions backgrounds such as Christmas (when Jesus Christ was born), Easter (when Christ was resurrected), All Saints’ Day, Valentine’s Day and Thanksgiving Day. Many festivals in Western cultures have lost the true meaning and have only become a commercial holiday, such as Valentine’s Day and Halloween.

In Western cultures, there is no differentiation between men and women as both are considered equal in today’s society. Though prior to this, women were considered lesser to men, it has not been so since the 1970s. Women also have the freedom to choose what they wish to wear; they are not limited to certain boundaries of dressing style. They are also free to wear revealing clothes, though not allowed to be fully nude in public.

Each culture has a set of negative and positive points. They are similar to the two sides of the same coin. No one culture ever surpasses the other culture, as it all depends on perception; to each person either culture could be better than the other one. Many people these days opt to take positive points from both the cultures and live as it suits them.

 

Indian Culture

Western Culture

Definition

Indian culture is the traditional mindset of people that reside in India. It is the customs, traditions, ceremonies, festivals, religions of India

Western culture started from the Ancient Greece and Rome, which then spread all over the world under Roman rule. It was then encouraged by the European civilization and now refers to modern way of thinking

Origin

Indian culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world. The traditions are several millennia old

Though according to historical records ,western culture began with Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, it is considered as a modern culture to many people

Religions

Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism

Christianity, Judaism

Cuisine

Indian food is heavily spiced and is rich in flavor. Major emphasis is put on having lunch

Basis of food is meat; it is an essential part of every meal. More emphasis is placed on have dinner

Family

Traditional people usually prefer joint-families, while modern people are now living in nuclear-like families

Most people believe in nuclear families

Festivals

Holi, Diwali, Navratri, etc. There a whole lot of festivals that are based on different events in the history; modern festivals are being accepted such as Christmas     

Christmas, Labor Day, Easter, Halloween etc. Also due to it being a melting pot a whole of other festivals are also celebrated

Marriages

Arranged Marriages are more common, compared to love marriages

Love marriages are more common

Society

Society plays an active part in a person’s life. Every decision that a person takes , reflects what the society thinks about it

Society does not take an active part. People take decisions depending on what they want, not what the society thinks

Gender Equality

Women are still considered unequal to men though acceptance of westernization is changing this idea

Women are equal to men in society

Castes

Still have various castes, where one caste is lesser than the other caste

No such thing as castes, all people are equal

Clothing

Clothing should not be revealing or tight

A person can wear clothing according to what they desire

Music

Religious, classical, folk, popular, bollywood and pop music

Is a melting pot and mix of all kinds of music from all over the world; includes rap, hip hop, pop, metal, rock, soft rock, alternate, etc

Hierarchy

The social hierarchy cannot be challenged. (ex: Boss has final decision)

Hierarchy can be challenged at any point by anyone

Image Courtesy: vagobond.com, bumimmusese.blogspot.com

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Comments

Who said women are equal to men in US.They are not,notice women are underpaid and not equally represented in jobs.

There are many cultures in India dear senseless people. you are making it a single culture. In which school you studied?

I think there no such thing as 'Indian Culture'. We follow a stream of though that is derived from 'VIctorian culture' where women were subjugated in the society, people were judged not on the intellect but on the way they were dressed. We have forgotten 'Kamasutra' which is equal to vedas as ancient Indians did not consider Kama(sex) as a taboo. There was a god of Kama. It was considered pure and a source of creation. Ancient Indians celebrated sex. It was discussed and taught to the kids because they were the future. Now days, in the sex-ed class the teachers do not even name 'sex'. In ancient India the womenhood was celebrated - not because of their roles in a man's life but just because they were women! They respected Indian women's independence (Hothal - The Rajput warrior pricess, Rani Laxmi Bai, Vidyotma - the wife of the greatest poet of India 'Kalidas' who was more intelligent and independent and inspired him to write his creations) - Indian culture was built around womenhood and now days they are raped, confined to the boundaries of home and arm twisted to get married at the early age and serve a man. They should chose how to live with no judgement India was never a hindu rastra- even our religion is Sanatana Dharma (the global religion) which accepts everyone. It doesnt need to justify itself by proclaiming any other religion as wrong and as an aggressor. Fingers are pointed by the one who are insecure about themselves. We have forgotten the real ethos of our culture and have adopted the Victorian culture of covering everything up and subjugating our women. Even Shakuntala and Dushyant got married in 'Gandharv Vivah' with no purohit - so what would our culture police say about that? If they were born today and would have married like that - they would have been killed off and the King Bharat (on whose name our country itself assume it's own name) wouldnt have been born!

Ur view is gud and true

Thanks Alisa, We as Indians have to open our minds 'again' to new thoughts and cultures - our culture will evolve and get better. With restricting its interactions with other culture and not evolving - we will be similar to China or Pakistan in our outlook. We have to be better than that!

both culture are good .......

The comment about western culture doing what is best for the individual and not for the good of society needs challenging.Westerners have a greater respect for society and other people probably due to having television longer and being "programmed" longer than Indians have.Westerners obey traffic regulations and are more accepting of being told how to behave to a higher level than Indians.Although as a general observation, the more religious the country is then generally the poorer it is.This coupled with the fact that although religious countries attend churches and temples more than westernised countries and taught how to behave in society are actually well behind their western counterparts in the fact that most people cheat,extort,lie and blackmail for their own benefit and the worst offenders are actually the police, politicians and government officials who without a certain ammount of self interest or bribes seem happy to do nothing or even interfere with peoples plans and betterment.Traditional indians throw acid and honour kill family members where as modern Indians are the most selfish,arrogant,corrupt nation on earth,that coupled with the complete lack of social responsibility and total absence of any sense of safety is why India is the most dangerous garbage dump in the world.India puts total belief in the next life instead of living in the current one which is why it is the state that it's in. sorry but thats the truth.. martin

The idea that in the west, women are considered equal to men is flawed. I agree that the west was better of in terms of gender equality than India. But now in India the trend is totally different as women are dominating in many areas from politics to the space sciences to missiles. We've had a female Prime Minister while the United States still hasn't had one. I think in 2017 the Indian youth and almost all of the citizens below the age of 30 consider both genders as equal. The mindset which the author is talking about was about two decades ago. I think gender discrimination in the West still persists. Although it not easily seen.

comparing these two cultures is like Baloney both cultures are best in there place

In India traditional culture refers joint families,so it is most important in our life. Western culture is teaching independent life,so it is also most important in our life. Both cultures are right in own place.

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