Difference between Illustrator and Photoshop

Key Difference:  Illustrator and Photoshop, both are design oriented application software from Adobe. Illustrator is generally used for drawing or creating images. On the other hand, Photoshop is widely used for manipulating the images. Photoshop and Illustrator are different from each other as they both are based on different techniques - Photoshop is based on raster, whereas Illustrator is based on vector technique. 

Both Illustrator and Photoshop are design software from Adobe. Illustrator software is used as a vector graphics editor. It is mainly used for drawing various types of things. There have been numerous versions of this software. Initially, it was developed for Apple Macintosh in 1986. It provides its functionality in the typesetting and logo graphics. It is based on vector graphic technique which means that the images are mathematically drawn by the computer. Thus, one can easily make changes in the images without bearing any loss in quality. Thus, one gets the advantage of resizing in an efficient manner.

Composition in Illustrator involves points and lines, and thus an individual can work easily on even individual line segments. Three dimensional applications and realistic brushes have been added in the latest versions. It is generally used for creating logos, vector paintings, card designs, cartoons, etc.

Photoshop is also a product from Adobe. It was developed in 1987 by the American brothers Thomas and John Knoll. The distribution license was purchased by Adobe Systems in 1988. Its capabilities are quiet different from the Illustrator program. It is generally renowned for photo editing types of tasks. Unlike Illustrator, it is a raster graphic/ Bitmap graphic application, which implies that it directly deals with the pixels of the images. It can be termed as an image processing and manipulation program. Common uses of Photoshop images include photos, digital illustration, UI designs, etc.

In 2003, Photoshop got a place in the Adobe Creative suite with other programs like Illustrator and InDesign. Later it was renamed to Photoshop CS which provided extended features for a greater control over the images. It does not give a good result for enlargement of images, as the pixels tend to spread out. It cannot be used for creating a crisp diagonal or curved line too. Photoshop Extended is often preferred for 3D compositions. Its Lightroom version offers an advanced toolkit for editing digital photographs.

Photoshop and Illustrator are different from each other as they both are based on different techniques- Photoshop is based on raster, whereas Illustrator is based on vector technique. Unlike Photoshop, Illustrator can be used for creating an image from just scratch.

Comparison between Illustrator and Photoshop:

 

Illustrator

 Photoshop

Definition

Illustrator software is used as a vector graphics editor. It is mainly used for drawing various types of things.

Photoshop is a raster graphic/ bitmap graphic application and is generally used for photo editing.

Owned by

Adobe Systems

Adobe Systems

Type

Vector Graphics Editor

Raster Graphics

Size of File

Comparatively small

Comparatively large

Functionality

  • Resizing of vector images without compromising on quality.
  • Best for designing of logos.
  • Link elements form other programs and that too without changing them to pixels.
  • Ideal for editing and manipulating photographs.
  • Filters can be applied.

Limitations

  • Limited number of filters and image editing tools are incorporated within the software.
  • Designing of multi-pages is possible, but requires a lot of time.
  • Quality gets affected on enlargement.
  • Can be some problematic with text-based graphics.

 

Better Control

Over rounded corners

Over shadows and highlights

Image Courtesy: vectips.com

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