Difference between Mustard Oil and Sesame Oil

Key difference: Mustard and Sesame Oils are edible vegetable oils, derived from the mustard and sesame seeds. Specifically, these oils are known for their medical and culinary benefits.

Oils are known for their medical and health benefits. All oils share their parts in unique usages in many fields. Among them are the mustard and sesame oils, which are particularly applicable in many medical fields. From traditional times, these oils are applicable in medicines, and hence have been implemented in their preparations.

Cooking with these oils is considered to be healthier and protein rich, hence specified items with all essential ingredients are made with these oils. These oils and their unique recipes are full of nutrients and rich components.  Mustard and sesame oil are widely used in some specific regions in the world, these edible oils are not harmful for any biological processes due to their free fatty acids. The major part of any edible oil comprises of three types of acids glycerides viz. saturated fatty acids, mono unsaturated fatty acids and poly unsaturated fatty acids.

Mustard oil is a form of vegetable edible oil obtained from the traditional mustard seeds; botanically, its plant belongs to the brassica family. the crude mustard oil which is derived from the black mustard seeds, have a typical pungent and spicy odor with a strong taste. On the other hand, the refined mustard oil is totally opposite with the neutral odor and taste. The oil is famous in the Indian regions. In the world, the oil ranks third due to its medicinal and cooking applications. The oil comprises mostly of the fatty acids, oleic acid, linoleic acid and erucic acid; along with 5% of lowest saturated fat content. Apart from cooking, the oil also has also been used in the Ayurvedic sectors, as the oil is known for its healing and medicinal properties and is also considered to be beneficial for hair, skin and body. As of the health benefits, the oil is regarded to be too beneficial in health aspects. Earlier the oil was considered to be allergic and toxic as it contains erucic acids which have a negative effect on the human body. But after the relevant research and inventions the oil is found to be free from toxic properties and hence can be consumed. The oil regarded to be best in its anti-bacterial and anti-infectious nature.

Sesame oil is derived from the sesame seeds, botanically from the sesamum indicum plant. The oil has a nutty flavor, with a natural yellow color and is a rich source of nutrients. From Vedic times, the oil is considered to be excellent for human consumption, and hence is known for its healing properties. The usage of the oil is specifically found in the cosmetic industries, due to its anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties. The oil stops the growth of common skin pathogens, such as staphylococcus and streptococcus as well as common skin fungi, such as athlete's foot fungus. Naturally, the oil is also antiviral in functions. Along with these usages, the oil is tremendously used for cooking in the South Indian regions. Also, it is often used as a flavor enhancer in Chinese, Japanese, Middle Eastern, Korean, and Southeast Asian cuisine. Today in the modern era, the nutrient rich seed oil is popular as alternative medicine for traditional massaging and treatments.

Mustard and sesame oils are best known for their medicinal and culinary usages, due to which they are most preferred and opted for cooking and other health benefits. Mustard oil is known for its massage uses; while sesame oil is rich source of antioxidants and other therapeutic agents. Both oils are known for their anti-inflammatory properties and have a major share in the skin and cosmetic industries. In general, it can be considered that, both oils contribute to reduce similar type of health issues and problems, but are beneficial in their corresponding roles. 

Comparison between Mustard Oil and Sesame Oil:


Mustard Oil

Sesame Oil

Oil extracted from

local mustard seeds

sesame seeds

Botanical Plants

brassica juncea

sesamum indicum

Physical appearances

crude mustard oil is dark brown in color with a pungent odor; refined mustard oil (used mainly for cooking) is slightly more viscous

Naturally, yellow color, nutty flavor, and contains plenty of nutrients

In Cooking, used for

frying, pickle making, type of dressing for salads and vegetables

as an ingredient in margarine and salad dressings


anti-infectious and anti-bacterial properties

antioxidants, antibacterial and anti inflammatory

Skin Benefits

  • Natural Sunscreen
  • Removes Tan and Dark Spots
  • Lightens the Skin
  • Stimulates Sweat Glands
  • Treats Rashes and Infections
  • Lip Care
  • Natural Sunscreen
  • Moisturizes the Skin
  • Slowing down the skin aging
  • Detoxification of the skin
  • Helps repair damaged skin cells
  • Reduces Antibacterial Infections

Health Benefits

  • Reduces Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
  • Stimulates Digestion
  • Reduces Risk of Cancer
  • Antibacterial, Antifungal and Anti-inflammatory Action
  • Relieves Cold and Cough
  • Used for Massaging
  • Good for Skin and Hair
  • Relieves Joint Pain
  • Increases Appetite
  • Stimulant
  • Irritant
  • Beneficial during Asthma
  • Prevents Malaria
  • Great for High-Protein Vegetarian Diet
  • Sesame Seed Oil for Oral Health
  • Helps Prevent Diabetes
  • Reduces Blood Pressure
  • Promotes Heart Health
  • Protects Against DNA Damage from Radiation
  • Prevents Cancer
  • Boosts Bone Health
  • Boosting Digestive Health, Relieving Constipation
  • Provides Relief from Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Promotes Respiratory Health, Prevents Asthma

Image Courtesy: 123rf.com, makeupandbeauty.com

Most Searched in Pregnancy and Parenting Most Searched in Health
Most Searched in Electronics Most Searched in Sports
Adsorption vs Absorption
Under vs Below
Cinnamon vs Cassia
Niagara Falls vs Iguazu Falls

Add new comment

Plain text

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.