Difference between Power Steering and Non Power Steering

Key Difference: Power steering is a system that helps in steering the wheels by using some power of engine. Non-Power steering system is a steering system in which manual force is used for steering and no auxiliary source of power assists in steering the wheel. Non-power steering system is also known as mechanical or manual stering system.

Power and non-power, these words are simple to understand, but the relation with the steering systems can sometimes be difficult to understand. To understand power steering and non-power steering, we should first understand the steering systems. Steering refers to guiding the wheels towards the intended direction. You must be familiar with the steering systems of cars. The driver uses the steering to control the course taken by wheels. Power steering is a system that helps in steering the wheels using some source of power. Non-Power is totally different type of steering in which manual force is used for steering and therefore it is also known as manual steering system. However, today most of the cars have power steering systems.

When we talk about power steering, than we are either referring to hydraulic power steering or electric power steering. Thus, we can say that electronic power steering and hydraulic power steering are types of power steering and thus both possess all the features of a power steering system. There are two basic steering mechanisms:-

1. Rack and pinion steering- in this system a pinion gear is attached to the steering shaft which means that as the steering wheel is turned it turns the pinion gear(circular) and then moves the rack (linear). It is basically using the rotational motion of steering wheels and then converting this rotational motion into the linear motion. This linear motion is required to turn the wheels.

2. Recalculating ball steering- in this system, a box is fastened over a worm drive that contains many ball bearings. These ball bearings loop around the worm drive and these balls moves out into a recirculation channel and again gets back into the worm drive. When the steering wheel is turned, the worm drive turns and forces the balls to press against the channel inside the nut. Now this forces the nut to move along the worm drive

Let us now understand the basic concepts of power steering. Power steering uses hydraulics or fluid pressure in order to help the steering systems. Power steering is preferred when quick turns need to be taken.

There are three main power steering components- power steering pump, power steering fluid reservoir, steering gear box. Power steering can be of three types:-

  1. Hydraulic power steering
  2. Electric power hydraulic steering (EPHS)
  3. fully electric power steering(EPS)

Hydraulic power sheerings mainly use hydraulic fluid and the pressure that is generated through this hydraulic fluid helps the driver in steering the wheels. In EPHS the customary drive belts and pulleys that drive a power steering pump are replaced by a brushless motor. It is driven by an electric motor and thus also reduces the amount of power that needs to be taken from the engine otherwise. The third category is electric power steering. In this kind of system, an electric motor replaces the hydraulic pump and a fully electric power steering system is established. The electric motor is either attached to the steering rack or to the steering column. The very important component is the electronic control unit that controls the steering dynamics.

Most of the steering systems that are used today are of power steering type. Very few systems use manual steering. EPS are often preferred for the fuel economy and lower emission.

On the other hand, Non-Power steering requires more efforts to steer the vehicles. The only energy source for this steering system is the force that the driver applies to her steering wheel. However, power steering always allows non-power or manual steering to be available; this may help in case of the problem in engine or in the case of power assist system failure.

There are several types of non-power steering systems like

  1. Worm and sector
  2. Worm and Roller
  3. Cam and lever
  4. Worm and nut
  5. rack and pinion

Some of the differences are listed in the table below:-


Power Steering

Non-Power Steering


Power steering is a system that helps in steering the wheels using some source of power.

Non-Power steering is a system in which manual force is used for steering.


Hydraulic : rack and pinion, re-circulating ball and nut, worm and roller, hydrostatic

Electrical: Rack and pinion, column driven EPS, pinion driven EPS, Rack driven EPS

A Non-Power steering rack uses a rack and pinion, worm and roller and recirculation ball and nut.


Comparatively quick

Comparatively slow

Resistance to wheel movement




Comparatively heavy weight vehicles

Low weight vehicles


A hydraulic pump, fluid reservoir, hoses, lines; and either a power assist unit mounted on, or integral with, a power steering gear assembly

Steering wheel and column, a manual gearbox and pitman arm or a rack and pinion assembly, linkages; steering knuckles and ball joints, and 4. the wheel spindle assemblies


Absorbs road shocks, minimum efforts, greater safety and controllability under critical situations

Mechanical connection between the steering wheel and the wheel and all the components continues to be maintained without the help of the auxiliary power

Image Courtesy: cartalk.com, valvehydraulic.info

Most Searched in Business and Finance Most Searched Non-Alcoholic Drinks
Most Searched in Cars and Transportation Most Searched in Pregnancy and Parenting
Niqab vs Hijab
Shawarma vs Doner
Stem vs Trunk
Nokia Lumia 928 vs HTC Windows 8X

Add new comment

Plain text

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.