Difference between Joint Family and Nuclear Family

Key Difference: In simple terms, the main difference between joint family and nuclear family is that a joint family is a big family, whereas a nuclear family is a small family.

Family is the most important part of a person; from an early age a child is taught the importance of a family and the part he/she is expected to play in the family. Girls are most commonly taught about cooking, while boys are taught the family business. However, these importances are differentiated according to the families people live in. In this article, let us mainly focus on two families, i.e. joint family and nuclear family.

In a joint family, even if parents go to work, grandparents will be taking care of the children. They will be instructing them the right manners and good qualities about life, and turn the life of children in the opposite way. In the nuclear family, parents quarrel with each other and there is no one to settle the issue. However, in joint family there are parents or in-laws to give advice to the parents to settle the issue.

Tribes, small villages, group of people and such small civilization units are the predecessors of the joint families. Joint families are still common in several parts of the worlds, India, China, African nations and even Arab nations having a large number of such families. Whereas, nuclear families are widely popular in the United States and Europe.

A major importance is placed on family; traditional cultures suggest living in joint families, where parents, male children, children’s spouses and grandchildren, all reside in the same house. However, nuclear families have started receiving more importance in urban cultures.

Comparison between Joint Family and Nuclear Family:


Joint Family

Nuclear Family



A type of extended family composed of parents, their children, and the children's spouses and offspring in one household.

A social unit composed of two parents and one or more children.





Joint Family is mostly helpful in developing good qualities of the individual.

In a nuclear family, it is not necessary that parents can’t develop good qualities in their children, but yes, it is true that this becomes difficult at times.


The primary emotion is a general affectionate bond between two generations and within the members of the generations.

Nuclear family is mainly based upon the emotion of parental love and sibling connection and hence the structural functionalism (mechanism of relationships) is fairly straightforward.


Joint families have less freedom.

Nuclear families have more freedom.

Financial needs

Joint family has less financial needs.

Nuclear family has more financial needs.

Youngsters prefer

Youngsters who prefer social life with better support system prefer joint families.

Youngsters prefer freedom and less restriction choose nuclear family.


Joint families have more quarrels.

Nuclear families have fewer quarrels.

Image Courtesy: marathiactors.com, sheknows.com

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I think joint family is better than nuclear family because there are many memberin joint family to tackle the problem and have good manners,culture and respect for elders.

I thik we all face many little quarrels on daily ways in joint family. And we will have to become individual in future from our joint family

in my opinion joint family system the best family system bcoz your all family member live in single roof and they always proper care each other they loves each other bcoz in this era everybody suffer from monotonous life so that everyone hunger of love and care

My family have 13 Members and only one person Have job and all family depend on him..but we all live with better understanding from 35 Years..I proud on my papa and my family..in my coalmines area no family is like my , every one jaleous to see my haapy and joint family.

I like both family but nuclear family is very good I think small family is well family.

I think joint family is very good as compared to nuclear children are taught many things from many family members

I am 95% sure the people preferring a joint family lives in a nuclear family and vice versa.....our brains tend to see what we don't have and not what we have...

According to me nuclear family is better than joint family as they provide peace and calm environment at home and many people say "small family is happy family"

how can you say like this ....it's not compalsarry that small family is happY family ....also a big family is a happy family ..in joint family their is our elders who can make understand us etc....

Joint family is a very strong family than nuclear family, joint family all number are people divided by work and than save time


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