Difference between IMAP, POP3 and SMTP

Key Difference: IMAP, POP3 and SMTP are three different protocols that deal with emails. IMAP and POP are used to read mails from a remote server. On the other hand, SMTP is used for sending emails. IMAP is more advanced protocol than POP3.

IMAP stands for Internet Message Access Protocol. It is used for retrieving emails from a mail server. In a IMAP set up, the mails are stored on the mail server. This gives the advantage of accessing the emails from multiple locations. The user can delete or leave the mails in mailbox after reading them. It also supports offline mode, which means that changes that are made in the absence of internet gets reflected after the reconnection with server. It can also work alongside POP.

POP stands for Post Office Protocol. It is also used to retrieve mails from a mail server. However, unlike IMAP it downloads the files to the local computer and the mails are generally deleted from the server. Thus, very little space on server is required.  POP3 is the third version of this protocol. It has been designed to support offline mail processing. It lacks advanced collaboration features like calendaring, contacts and tasks.

SMTP stands for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. It is used for sending emails. It can be used by a client to send emails to a server or by a sever to send it to another server. It uses TCP port 25. It is a connection oriented and text based protocol. It sets the communication rules for the servers. There are certain ways to handle errors by using this protocol. In a typical scenario of SMTP transaction, a server identifies itself and declares the kind of operation it wants to operate. The other server authorizes the operation and finally the message is sent. These days, a slightly updated version of the SMTP protocol called ESMTP is being used by the servers.

Comparison between IMAP, POP3 and SMTP Protocol:

 

IMAP Protocol

POP3 Protocol

SMTP

Definition

IMAP stands for Internet Message Access Protocol. IMAP was originally developed in 1986 at Stanford University as a competitor to widely popular POP. 

POP or Post office Protocol is also a type of email protocol. It is quiet different from IMAP as it has been devised for offline reading. The third version of POP is POP3.

It is the standard protocol for sending emails via internet. It is a connection oriented and text based protocol. It sets the communication rules for the servers.

Full Form

IMAP stands for Internet Message Access Protocol  

Post Office Protocol third

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

Function

Retrieving emails

Retrieving emails

Sending emails

Email server port (Typically)

143

110

25

Limitation

Mailbox on the server has a definite quota and thus, one needs to ensure that the mailbox retains space for newer mails.

Once the message gets downloaded on a local computer, it remains accessible on that computer only.

It has no ways of verifying sender. This sometimes leads to Spam issues.

Image Courtesy: technorms.com

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