Difference between Puma and Leopard

Key Difference: Both Puma and Leopard are the member of Felidae family. Leopards have large, muscular and long body, with short legs,  and a large skull. It uses its strength and stealth in order to kill its victims. Puma sizes vary according to its habitat, and are mainly found near the mountain areas.

Distinguishing a puma from a leopard in one glance is an easy job, as they are very different from each other. Though they belong to the Animalia Kingdom and Felidae Family, their features, size, color, and many other things are very different from each other.

Leopards are often confused with two other spotted cats, cheetahs and jaguars, but the fact is the patterns of spots in each species are different. Puma, a large wild animal, is not spotted as other cats, but sometimes is very similar to his cousin cat that is lion. Unlike the big cats, puma never roars, instead it can growl, hiss, screech and purr, whereas a leopard can roar. The primary difference between both the animals is that leopard has black marks in his body, while puma’s body is of plain-brown color. Both are the big cats with different genes. Puma comes from the gene Puma, while leopard come in the genus Panthera.

Puma is also known as a cougar or a mountain lion. They are huge wild cats, and run at huge speeds. They are usually tan colored, and they are 9ft tall. They are mainly seen at places such as the west coast of Canada, in the western half of the United States, including Alaska and Florida, and most of Central and South America. The puma is a nocturnal hunter and hunts a large variety of prey, from deer and moose, to cattle, horses and even rodents. Pumas are the largest of all the small cats, and have a recognizable facial characteristic of a black ring reaching from the corners of the mouth and around the nose.

Leopards have white eye linings under their eyes to help accelerate their vision during night. These differ from a cheetah’s black “tear lines” that help them see during the day under the sun. They look similar to the jaguar, however they are smaller and lighter and the fur patterning is slightly different. Leopards are very adaptable, can exist in a range of different habitats, can hunt and eat many different animals, can run very fast, are very stealthy hunters, and are excellent climbers of trees.

Comparison between Puma and Leopard:

 

Puma

Leopard

Technical name

Puma concolor

Panthera pardus

Genus

Puma

Panthera

Kingdom

Animalia

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Chordata

Class

Mammalia

Mammalia

Order

Carnivora

Carnivora

Family

Felidae

Felidae

Species

Puma concolor

Panthera pardus

Speed

64 to 80 km per hour

58 km per hour

Habitat

West coast of Canada, in the western half of the United States, including Alaska and Florida, and most of Central and South America

Africa and tropical Asia, from Siberia, South and West Asia to across most of sub-Saharan Africa.

Cats

Puma is the largest wild cat animal of the four cats.

Leopard is the smallest one of the four big cats.

Size

Puma is up to 9 feet long although average length is 6 – 8 feet.

Leopard varies from 4.25 to 6.25 ft, and Tail, 3.5 to 4.5 ft

Weight

29 to 90 kg.

30 to 80 kg; can go up to 100kg.

Hunt

They are pure carnivores. They hunt deer, raccoons, squirrels, foxes, rabbits and skunks.

Leopards will often drag their meal up a tree to eat in seclusion. They will eat anything from beetles to antelope, depending on their habitat.

Fur

Pumas are yellowish animal, referring to tiger.

Leopards are also distinguished by their rosette covered coat but their rosettes are smaller and more tightly spaced.

Build

Large muscular, short legs, long and a small skull.

Large muscular, short legs, long body and a large skull.

Mating habits

Only mothers and kittens live in groups, with adults meeting only to mate.

Depending on the region, leopards may mate all year round. In Manchuria and Siberia, they mate during January and February.

Prey

A puma’s killing bite is applied to the back of the neck, head, or throat and inflicts puncture marks with their claws usually seen on the sides and underside of the prey, sometimes also shredding the prey as they hold on.

Kill their prey by a suffocating bite. They too would rather stalk than chase their prey.

Vocalization

Puma never roar, instead it can growl, hiss, screech and purr.

Roars

Image Courtesy: jukani.co.za, mirror37.com

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