Difference between Spearmint and Peppermint

Key difference: Although, spearmint and peppermints are mints, they both are completely different. The key differences between the two types of mint are based on their taste, aroma and properties.

Gum ball or Candy Canes? It sure is a hard choice to choose from! Both these toffees are completely different, yet their recipe calls for the same ingredient “Mint”.  Mint is a delightful herb that is widely used for its cooling, cooking and medicinal properties. It is one herb which just adds a ‘cool and calm’ effect in a spicy meal over dinner. Both, peppermint and spearmint came to the New World with the English colonist, who used these mints, in their tea, for their medicinal properties and also because mint tea was tax-free.

Spearmint is a naturally occurring aromatic herb that is found in cuisines since the Roman times. It is popular for its green tea infusions that are know to relieve a wide range of aliments such as nausea, hiccups, flatulence, etc.

It is chiefly used for culinary purposes. Spearmint is a very popular world wide flavor of chewing gum, across all brands. It is also used as a flavoring in all sorts of toothpaste, candy, and shaving creams. Because of its pleasant, sweet and mild taste, the oil of this plant is widely used in many other medicinal compounds. The sweet flavor makes an excellent beverage for cold, cough and fever. Also, the mild brings in a relaxative property of good sleep and claming nerves in the body.

On the other hand, Peppermint is a hybrid mint; it is a cross between spearmint and watermint. Because of the two mints, it has high menthol content, and is widely used in both medicinal and commercial purposes. Peppermint has a long and distinguished history in health aid, as it contains high amount of nutrients and vitamins. It is also used in curing sore throats and runny noses. The oil of the plant is considered to be an excellent rub for tired or strained muscles. As part of aromatherapy, the scent is understood to help relieve stress and restore emotional balance.

The appealing taste of peppermint helps to make food items like ice cream, tea, chewing gum, and dinner mints more desirable. Chocolate covered mints often include peppermint oil, as does the traditional red and white hard candies that many people love keeping in their homes. The oil also adds a welcome hint of taste to several types of liqueur. It is also used in shampoos, soaps, and body washes, since the peppermint leaves a pleasant scent and a cool sensation to the skin. Many varieties of toothpaste also rely on it to help leave a pleasant taste in the mouth.

Comparison between Spearmint and Peppermint:

 

Spearmint

Peppermint

Botanical name

Mentha spicata

Mentha x piperita

Species

Spicata

Piperita

Plant type 

It is a naturally occurring species of mint.

It is a cross between spearmint and watermint species.

Plant

It is an upright –straight plant.

It is a low creeping plant.

Plant growth

It grows up-to 3 feet and spreads indefinitely around the entire vegetation.

It grows up-to 1-3 feet, but does not spread widely in the vegetation, just 3 feet in width.

Leaves

  • The leaves are slightly smaller.
  • They grow directly on the branch.
  • It has smaller wrinkled leaves.
  • The leaves are larger as compared to spearmint.
  • They grow on the stems of the plant.
  • It is more jagged leaves.

Menthol

It does not contain menthol.

It does contain menthol.

Cooling property

Its cooling property comes from carvone.

Its cooling property comes from menthol.

Flower

It has a pink or blue bloom.

It has a purple bloom.

Flavor

  • It has a mild and sweet flavor, which is really delicate in smell.
  • It gives a sweet taste.
  • It has a sharp flavor and extremely intense smell.
  • It gives a cooling sensation.

Uses

  • It is used in mosquito repellent.
  • It is does not help in producing scented flavoring oil.
  • It has therapeutic properties.
  • It is used in tea. 
  • It is used in antiseptic and decongestants. ‘
  • It is used to produce scented oil.
  • It has medicinal and therapeutic properties.
  • It is used in candies.

Different infusions

  • Pineapple mint
  • Apple mint
  • Curly mint
  • Smooth leaf mint
  • Orange mint
  • Chocolate mint
  • Ginger mint
  • Grapefruit mint

Image Courtesy: renaissanceherbs.com.au, herbsinmedicine.com

Most Searched in Business and Finance Most Searched in Arts and Humanities
Most Searched in Food and Drink Most Searched in Health
Google Books vs Google eBooks
Overweight vs Obesity
Archaeology vs Paleontology
Sony Xperia E vs Sony Xperia J

Comments

thanks cus i always thought they were all the same but now i know teh differances tank u

You should really have pics differentiating the two.

I was given "mint" recently, plucked and in a plastic bag. I realized when I pulled out some leaves to make mint tea, they were less fragrant even when scrunching them up to release oil, so I put them in my mortar and used the pestle to mash and grind the leaves (anywhere from 6-10), then add a bit of cold water, and really pulverize the broken leaves. I pour it into the bottom of the glass, add a few ice cubes, then pour cold water over it all. Now I don't even want the tea; just the mint water. Oh, my discovery when tasting this mint was I thought it was spearmint, and did a search, and now I know for sure I've got spearmint. I'd also like to get potted plants, one of each variety. Thanks for all the information. Oh, one more thing. Do you know if I did get both the natural spearmint and the peppermint hybrid, will they grow along side each other, or will bees or breeze cross pollinate them, hybridizing even more? Or would would the spreading spearmint variety wipe out the hybrid peppermint?Sh22t

Spearmint does contain menthol, although only 0.5%, wheareas peppermint has 40%.

Thanks for the excellent information on the differences betwwen the two. I'm enjoying a cup of spearmint tea right now and it's so good. The variety packs of flavored tea I've found in stores contain peppermint tea and I don't like it, too much "burn" from the menthol. I had to order the spearmint off of Amazon, can't find it locally. I think I'll buy some live plants and put them in the back yard. I was given permission to dig up a few plants from a neighbor's yard when I was a kid and they thrived where I planted them in our backyard for decades till the mowing company my folks had to hire when they got too old to mow took them all out.

Methanol is wood alcohol, and highly toxis. You mean menthol.

Yes, Thank You. It has been fixed now.

Add new comment

Plain text

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.