Difference between Application Server and Web Server

Key difference: An application server is a software engine, which transfers an application from one device to another, whereas a web server is a computer running programs that accept the HTTP requests from the clients.

An application server functions the same as a computer that executes the commands requested by the Web server inorder to fetch the data from the databases. It transfers the applications from one device to another. It is a generalized software engine, which implements the execution of the application server in order to create the applications for different devices. The transferring function is not concerned with the type of application functions. The application server executes the assigned specific instances in the exact procedure and step wise approach of the programs, routines and scripts by supporting their applied applications.  

An application server acts as a set or group of components that are accessed by the software developers through an API (Application Program Interface). Most Application Server Frameworks contain a comprehensive service layer model. There are basically the application providers which are serviced and accessed on the server side and then sent to the relevant demanded devices. Nowadays, many application servers target much more than a Web page generation. They implement the services like clustering, fail-over, and load-balancing; this enables the developers to focus on the implementation of the business logic.

The basic advantages of the Application servers are:

  • Data and Code Integrity: This is achieved by centralizing the business logic on an individual server, and the users here are guaranteed with the updates and upgrades of the application.
  • Centralized Configuration: It refers to the implementation changes of the application configuration.
  • Security: The security helps in the secured authentication of the applications.
  • Performance: It limits the network traffic of the client-server model, which helps in the improvement of performance of large applications.
  • Total Cost of Ownership:  All the above benefits, helps in the reduction of cost in an organization’s developing enterprise applications.
  • Transaction Support: It is a unit of activity, in which many updates to the resources are made as atomic.

A Web server can be a software (in the form of an application program) or hardware (in the form of a computer). Its basic function is to accept the HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) requests from the client side, then process and serve them back as the HTTP response along with the optional data content. The responses sent are in the form of HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) web pages or documents. The basic function of the Web server is to transfer the web content, which are accessed through the internet to the respective Clients.

The web servers are responsible to conduct the transactions between the client and server. The communication between client and server takes place using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Pages delivered are most frequently HTML documents, which includes the images, style sheets and scripts along with the text content. The web browser or web crawlers are the user agents, which are wholly responsible for initiating the communication. These convert the HTTP requests in the form of HTML web pages (if not able to do the conversion they respond back into a error message). Many generic web servers also support server-side scripting using an Active Server Pages (ASP), PHP, or other scripting languages. The web servers are not always used to access the World Wide Web (WWW) but are also embedded in devices such as the printers, routers, web-cams and serving only a local network. The web server once installed in these systems, can be used as a part of monitoring or administering the device system. Web servers are also able to map the path component of a Uniform Resource Locator (URL).

The most commonly performed features of the Web Servers are:

  • Virtual Hosting: This function serves many web sites using one IP address.
  • Large File Support:  This system serves the files whose sizes are greater than 2 GB on 32 bit OS (Operating System).
  • Bandwidth Throttling: It limits the speed of the responses in order to control the saturation of networks, accordingly be able to serve more clients at a time.
  • Server-Side Scripting: These generate the dynamic web pages, by keeping the web server and website implementations separate from each other.

Comparison between Application Server and Web Server:

 

Application Server

Web Server

Short descriptions

An application server is a software framework that provides an environment in which applications can run, no matter what the applications are.

A web server can refer to either the hardware or the software that helps to deliver web content that can be accessed through the Internet.

Basically, they do

It transfers the business logic to client applications through various protocols including HTTP.

It only handles the HTTP protocol.

Functions

Its function is to deliver various applications to another device; it allows everyone in the network to run software off of the same machine.

Its function is to keep the HTML, PHP, and ASP, etc. files available for the web browsers to view when a user accesses the site on the web, handles HTTP requests from clients.

Other usage

It is also used to serve the web based applications and enterprise based applications.

Along with the hosting of the websites, the web servers are also used on other applications such as gaming, data storage or running enterprise applications.

Resource utilizations

The resource utilization is low here.

The resource utilization is more here as compared to the application servers.

Examples

Sun Java Application server, Apache Geronimo, IBM WebSphere Application Server, Glass Fish Server, etc.

Apache, Microsoft IIS, Tomcat, Jetty, etc.

Image Courtesy: docs.oracle.com

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Comments

Resource utilizations is wrong.

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