Difference between Inotropic, Chronotropic and Dromotropic

Key Difference: Inotropic, Chronotropic, and Dromotropic are different types of cardiac drugs. This classification is based on the way these drugs are used for the treatment of a particular condition. Inotropic drugs affect the force of cardiac contraction. Chronotropic drugs affect the heart rate.  Dromotropic drugs affect conduction velocity through the conducting tissues of the heart.

Inotropic, Chronotropic and Dromotropic are different types of cardiac drugs. This classification is based on the way these drugs are used for the treatment of a particular condition. Inotropic drugs affect the force of cardiac contraction. Chronotropic drugs affect the heart rate.  Dromotropic drugs affect conduction velocity through the conducting tissues of the heart. 

See: Difference between heart attack and heart failure

Inotropic agents basically affect the contraction of the heart muscles. There are two types of inotropic agents– Positive inotropic agents increase the force of myocardial contraction. On the other hand, negative inotropic agents decrease the force of myocardial contraction. Also see: Heart attack Vs. Cardiac arrest

Positive inotropic agents include dopamine, isoprenaline, etc. Negative inotropic agents include beta blockers, quinidine, flecainide, etc. Positive inotropes are also known as sympathomimetic drugs. Inotropes are used to treat impaired cardiac contractility. Also see: Heart attack Vs. Stroke

 

Chronotropic is another type of cardiac drug which affects heart rate. They are further classified into positive and negative chronotropic agents. Positive chronotropic increases the heart rate by the acceleration of the rate of impulse formation in the SA node. Negative chronotropic drugs are just opposites of positive chronotropic agents as they slow down the heart rate by decreasing impulse formation. Also see: Difference between Heart Attack and Panic Attack

Dromotropic drugs affect the conduction of electrical impulses through the myocardium. Positive dromotropic drugs increase this rate of conduction, whereas negative dromotropic drugs decrease this rate of electrical conduction.

These cardiovascular drugs differ from each other primarily on the basis of the aspects related to cardiac performance which they influence or effect. 

Also see: Difference between Anxiety and Heart Attack

Comparison between Inotropic, Chronotropic, and Dromotropic:

 

Inotropic

Chronotropic

Dromotropic

Definition

Affects the force of cardiac contraction

Affects the heart rate

Affects conduction velocity through the conducting tissues of the heart

Classification

Positive Inotropic – strengthens the force of cardiac contraction

 

Negative Inotropic – weakens the force of cardiac contraction

Positive chronotropic – accelerates the heart rate

 

Negative chronotropic – slows down the heart rate

Positive dromotropic –  speeds up conduction

 

Negative dromotropic - slow down conduction

Examples

Positive Inotropic – dopamine, adrenaline, etc.

 

Negative Inotropic – labetalol and propanolol

Positive chronotropic – Adernaline

 

Negative chronotropic – digoxin

Positive dromotropic –  phenytoin

 

Negative dromotropic -  verapamil

Origin of word

From Greek in-, meaning fiber or sinew)

From chrono-, meaning time, and tropos, "a turn"

From the Greek word "dromos", meaning running, a course, a race

Image Courtesy: khanacademy.org, dailymail.co.uk

Most Searched in Education and References Most Searched in Food and Drink
Top 10 Most Searched Differences Most Searched Non-Alcoholic Drinks
M.B.A. vs P.G.P.M.
Prepaid vs Postpaid
Privacy Policy vs Terms and Conditions
Skydiving vs Paragliding

Comments

simple & clear!!!

Pages

Add new comment

Plain text

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.