Difference between Passover and Communion

Key Difference: Passover (Pesach) is one of the three major Jewish festivals. It commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt (based on the Old Testament book of Exodus). Communion has many meanings, but it is generally associated with a Christian rite known as Eucharist. It is observed as an expression of faith in Jesus. It is based on the Jesus instructions at the Last Supper (based on the books of the New Testament).

Passover is one of the three major Jewish festivals. It commemorates the liberation of the Isaralies from slavery in ancient Egypt. It is called "pesach" (pay-sak) in Hebrew. This festival is generally celebrated for seven days in Israel and eight in Diaspora. It is observed in Hebrew month of Nissan. Jews conduct a special ceremony known as Sedar before the first official day of Passover. It is a tribute to the liberty of their ancestors by retelling it. It is accompanied by singing traditional holiday songs. The story of Passover is told in the Book of Exodus.

Jews have been celebrating this festival since 1300BC. Various preparations are done to celebrate the festival. Houses are cleaned thoroughly and are made sure that no trace of chametz or leaven remains at home. A Jew is prohibited to eat chametz or derive any benefit from it during the Passover. During the seddar meal, the story of ten plagues is read out to remember the liberation and suffering of the Egyptians. Bitter herbs are also included in the meal to represent the bitterness during the time of slavery.

Communion has many meanings, but it is generally associated with a Christian rite known as Eucharist. It is observed as an expression of faith in Jesus. It is based on the Jesus instructions at the Last Supper. These instructions are based on the books of the New Testament.

Christians believe that Christ is present with them during this rite. However, Christians differ in explaining the attributes associated with this presence. This rite begins with the Lord’s Prayer. Then the Eucharistic bread is broken and the wine is poured. A communion song is sung and people express their unity with the lord. After the meal, it is followed by a prayer.

Meals of Passover and Holy Communion are both meals of remembrance. They primarily differ in their commemoration aspect. Passover is a tribute to the liberation of the Israelites from captivity in Egypt. On the other hand, Communion refers the liberation in a broader manner; indicating the liberty of mankind from sin. However, Protestantism recognizes it as just a symbol of grace.

Comparison between Passover and Communion:

 

Passover

Communion

Full Form

Passover (Pesach) is one of the three major Jewish festivals. It commemorates the liberation of the Isaralies from slavery in ancient Egypt.

Communion has many meanings, but it is generally associated with a Christian rite known as Eucharist. It is observed as an expression of faith in Jesus. It is performed according to the Jesus instructions at the Last Supper (based on the books of the New Testament.

Based on

Old Testament  book of Exodus

New Testament

Signification

Redemption of Israel

An expression of faith in Jesus

Meal

Throughout the meal, the biblical story is retold; the food is linked symbolically with the Exodus

Bread and wine symbolizing Christ’s body and blood respectively. (some other interpretations also exist)

Image Courtesy: martyrobertsblog.com, about.com

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