Difference between Chemical and Petrochemical Engineering

Key difference: Chemical Engineering is the science of applying chemistry to industry. Petrochemical Engineering is the science of dealing with the chemical products extracted from petroleum.

According to Wikipedia, Engineering is the application of scientific, economic, social and practical knowledge in order to design, build and maintain structures, machines, devices, materials and processes. It, like science, is a broad field and has many different aspects to deal with. It can be divided into many sub categories, chemical and petrochemical being one of them. This article helps differentiate the two.

Wikipedia defines Chemical Engineering, as the application of physics, chemistry and engineering principles on the chemical process required in commercial industries. It is used in producing materials; modern chemical engineering also concerns with producing valuable new materials and techniques - such as nanotechnology, fuel cells and biomedical engineering. George E. Davis developed the concept of unit operations, a main principle in the science of chemical engineering and helped lay a solid foundation for it.

Chemical engineering involves application of many principles. Key concepts being: chemical reaction engineering, involves managing of plant processes and conditions to ensure optimal plant operation. Plant design, is the creation of plans and specification and income projection of plants in industries. Process design is the managing of unit operations. Unit operations are used to prepare reactant or purifying products. Chemical engineers develop economic ways of using materials and energy. They use chemistry and engineering to turn raw materials into usable products, such as medicine, petrochemicals and plastics for industries. They are also concerned with waste management and research.

Petrochemicals are chemicals which are obtained from petroleum. This process is called Petrochemical Engineering. Few chemical compounds obtained from petroleum are also found in fossils such as coal or natural gas, or renewable resource such as sugarcane. Petrochemical can be classified into two classes, olefins and aromatics. Oil refineries produce olefins and aromatics by catalytic cracking of petroleum. Olefins are produced by steam cracking of natural gas in chemical plants, whereas aromatics are obtained by catalytic reforming of naphtha. Olefins and aromatics are the building-blocks for a wide range of materials such as solvents, detergents, and adhesives.

Petrochemicals are divided depending on their chemical structures:

  • Olefins - in which are included ethylene, propylene and butadiene.
  • Aromatics – which include benzene, toluene, and xylenes. Benzene is a raw material for dyes and synthetic detergents.
  • Synthesis gas - it is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, which is used to make ammonia and methanol.

Comparison between Chemical and Petrochemical Engineering:

 

Chemical Engg.

Petrochemical Engg.

Definition

Science of applying chemistry to industry.

Science of extracting chemicals from petroleum.

Use

Chemicals are used to apply in various processes of an industry.

Chemicals are derived from petrol.

Classification

Divide into several principles:

  • Chemical reaction
  • Plant design
  • Process design
  • Transport phenomena

Classified according to their chemical structures:

  • Olefins
  • Aromatics
  • Synthetic gas

Products

Medicines, petrochemicals and plastics.

Lubrications, additives and catalysts.

Image Courtesy: studyihub.com, arabianoilandgas.com

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Comments

Thanks a lot for the explanation.it clarified a lot of my doubts.pls can you help with a list of schools abroad that offer petrochemicals? Both at the undergraduate and masters level?.I can't get a good and clearlist. NDUNDAT AISHATOU

UCC!2034

This is great.......... You guys did a very wonderful job on this. It really enhance my knowlege about the two courses. Thanks, love you

thank you so much for this wonderful explanation, from now i know my stand, thanks once again i appreciate

Awesome, nice explaination

ohnestly speaking i was confusing the two but now that you provided me with this information i am now happy and from now on you will my primary source of information thank you

Thanks for providing this information! From this blog we can get idea about Chemical and Petrochemical Engineering. Chemical Engineering, as the application of physics, chemistry and engineering principles on the chemical process required in commercial industries while Petrochemicals are chemicals which are obtained from petroleum. Petrochemicals are divided depending on their chemical structures.

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