Difference between Doberman and Rottweiler

Key Difference: Both Doberman and Rottweiler are the smartest breeds of dogs and were bred for guarding. Doberman is very clever, watchful, has versatile skills and is a faithful companion. On the other hand, Rottweiler is very devoted, obedient, and eager to work.

Doberman and Rottweiler are two different breeds of dogs. Both originated from Germany, and their nicknames are ‘dobie’ and ‘rottie’. Both are working dogs with a need for large rise of work out. However, there is a huge amount of difference in their physical characteristics, temperament, build, etc.

Doberman, officially known as Doberman pinscher, has a strong, muscular, and compact built, and is a domestic breed of dog. The name ‘Doberman’ was originally developed by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann in 1890, in Germany. Doberman Pinschers are among the most common of pet breeds. The breed is well known as a bright, alert, and truthful companion dog. Previously, it was widely used as a police dog, but it is less common today.

Dobies are known because of their obedience. They engage a quick relationship with each family member and easily become a family member themselves. Dobies are very speedy dogs with some overexcited skills, which very few breeds of dogs possess. They save their master's life whenever needed, and they live only to serve their masters.

Rottweiler, the dog which was once known as Rottweil butchers, is stockier and a bulky domestic breed of dog. Rottweiler is one of the oldest herding breeds. The origin of the Rottweiler is not known, though many experts theorize that the breed descended from the drover dogs indigenous to ancient Rome. During the First and Second World Wars, Rottweilers were put into service in a variety of roles, including as messenger, ambulance, draught, and security/safeguard dogs. The Rottie is stockier, heavier, and longer with a broad head.

Rottie has a noble and self-assured appearance. Its long, vigorous build and attentiveness let it function as a protector dog, cattle herder, and at various other duties that need agility, endurance, and strength.

Comparison between Doberman and Rottweiler:




Also known as

Doberman Pinscher

Rottweil Butchers




Dobynm (in some countries)







Male weight can go up to 34 to 41 kg

Female weight can go up to 27 to 36 kg

Male weight can go up to 50 to 60 kg

Female weight can go up to 35 to 48 kg


Male height is 68.8 cm

Female height is 63.9 cm

Male height is 61 to 69 cm

Female height is 56 to 63 cm


About 10 to 13 years

About 9 to 10 years

Original function

Guard dogs

Protector dogs


Black, brown, red, blue, fawn, and white (albino)

Black and tan or black and mahogany

Known as

Clever, watchful, versatile skills and faithful companion

Very devoted, obedient, and eager to work


Dobermans are very strong dogs with large, muscular structures.

Rottweilers are very long, robust build.


Natural tail is fairly long, but individual dogs often have a short tail as a result of docking. Docking is basically a procedure when a person removes a tail of dog after its birth.

The tail is docked. Though it is banned, it is legal in some of the countries like U.S.A and New Zealand.


The ears are cropped. It is illegal in many countries, but ears are normally cropped and carried erect.

The ears are medium-sized, pendant, triangular, wide apart, and set high on the head.


Dobies are very intelligent. They are tested in problem-solving and different tasks.

Rotties are intelligent dogs of extreme hardness and adaptability with a strong willingness to work.


The eyes are kind, expressive and more aggressive.

The eyes should be of medium size, almond-shaped and dark brown in color. The eyelids are close fitting.

Image Courtesy: mypetsmart.com, petcenternews.com

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