Difference between Gtalk and Hangout

Key difference: Google Talk was an instant messaging service by Google. However, in 2013, Google replaced Google Talk with Google Hangouts. Google Hangouts is an instant messaging and video chat platform.

Google Talk was an instant messaging service by Google. It was integrated with GMail and offered both text and voice communication. It was often called as "gtalk" or "gchat" by its users. It was originally launched on August 24, 2005. By 2006, it had been integrated with GMail, while still being available for use as an individual chat messenger.

However, in 2013, Google replaced Google Talk with Google Hangouts. Google Hangouts is an instant messaging and video chat platform. It was officially launched on May 15, 2013 during the keynote of its I/O development conference.

Google Talk used XMPP to provide real-time extensible messaging and presence events, including offline messaging and voice mailing. Furthermore, Google Talk supported messaging with any service provider that supported the XMPP protocol, including Earthlink, Gizmo Project, Tiscali, Netease, Chikka, MediaRing, and "thousands of other ISPs, universities, corporations and individual users."

However, as its services were becoming increasingly fragmented and non-unified, the decision was reached to ‘scrap the existing Google Talk system and code a new messaging product through a collaboration with multiple development teams.’

The main reason for the new platform was to provide an integrated platform for all of its products. Prior to Hangouts, Google had three messaging products implemented concurrently within its services, including Talk, Google+ Messenger, and Hangouts, a video chat system present within Google+. Hence, Google Hangouts created an integrated product. Google has also stated that Hangouts is designed to be "the future" of its telephony product, Google Voice, and integrated some of the capabilities of Google Voice into Hangouts.

Hangouts is available through the Gmail or Google+ websites, or through mobile apps available for Android and iOS. However, unlike Google Talk, Hangouts cannot be used to chat with other XMPP open standard protocol based messengers.

Hangouts allows users to hold conversations between two or more users. The chat histories are also saved online, which allows them to be synced between devices. A "watermark" of a user's avatar is used as a marker to indicate how far they have read into the conversation. Photos can be shared during conversations, which are automatically uploaded into a private Google+ album. Furthermore, rsers can also now use color emoji symbols in their messages. Users can also perform a group video chat with up to 10 users at a time.

From Android 4.4, Hangouts is also integrated with text messages sending and receiving functions. In Nexus 5, it is the default SMS app. In other Android phones, this feature is optional.

While Google has removed support from Gtalk, and has discontinued the service. Gtalk is still available from some third party providers as a stand alone application without integration in to other Google services. However, Google will not be supporting this Gtalk.

Comparison between Gtalk and Hangouts:

 

Gtalk

Hangouts

Description

An instant messaging service that provides both text and voice communication

An instant messaging and video chat platform, which replaced Google Talk.

Developer

Google

Google

Initial release

August 24, 2005;

May 15, 2013

Type

VoIP/instant messaging client

Instant messaging

License

Proprietary

Proprietary

Operating system

  • Android,
  • BlackBerry OS,
  • Linux,
  • Maemo,
  • webOS,
  • Symbian,
  • iOS (third party apps),
  • Windows,
  • Chrome OS,
  • Mac OS X
  • Google Chrome extension (Windows/Mac OS/Linux)
  • Chrome OS
  • Android
  • iOS

Available in Languages

English, German, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Turkish, Chinese, Spanish

English, Spanish, German, French, Catalan, Chinese Simple, Chinese Traditional, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Turkish

Features

  • Basic layout
  • Less integration across Google services
  • Limited emojis
  • Could only copy messages that fit into the display box.
  • Highlighting text that required scrolling wasn't an option.
  • No standardizing messages across all your Google platforms.
  • Only allowed 1-on-1 video conferencing.
  • Can set difference messages, such as away, busy, offline, etc.
  • Has a cleaner, more visual layout within Gmail.
  • More integration across Google services
  • Displays your contacts' thumbnail pictures next to their names along the left of your inbox.
  • More than 500 new emojis available to Hangout users.
  • Can also copy a long message.
  • Highlighting text that required scrolling is an option.
  • Standardizing messages across all your Google platforms.
  • Messages are saved.
  • Allows video conferencing with up to 10 people.
  • Can't set an away message

Image Courtesy: androidspin.com, mashable.com

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Comments

Quite Informative!!

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