Difference between Knitting and Weaving

Key Difference: Knitting is a method that is used to produce fabric, by turning yarn into cloth. Knitted fabric consists of consecutive rows of loops, called stitches. Each stitch is produced by pulling a new loop through and existing loop. In weaving, fabrics are produced by interlacing two different sets of yarn or threads horizontally or vertically. The way the threads are interlaced is known as the weave. Patterns and other designs can also be woven on the cloth.

Kitting and Weaving are two different methods that are used to turn yarn or wool into cloth. Various different types of fabrics are created using these types of processes. Though both are used to create fabrics, these two processes are completely different from each other, and a person, who is well versed with fabrics, can easily look at a material and say if it is a woven or knitted. For the rest of us, not so fabric savvy, these two terms can cause a whole lot of confusion.

Knitting is a method that is used to produce fabric, by turning yarn into cloth. The term ‘knitted’ is derived from the Old English ‘cnyttan’, meaning ‘to knot’. Knitted fabric consists of consecutive rows of loops, called stitches. Each stitch is produced by pulling a new loop through and existing loop. Stitches are held by a needle till a new loop passes through them. Knitting can be done by hand or a knitting machine. Different colored yarns and needles can be used to produce different colors, textures, weight and pattern of fabrics. The yarn in knitting follows a specific course of forming symmetric loops above and below the mean path of the yarn. These loops can easily be stretched into different directions, giving the knitted cloth its elastic properties. Hence knitting is used for fabrics that need to be stretched such as socks and hosiery. Clothes that are knitted are also more form-fitting due to the elasticity. The yarn used is knitting is thicker, compared to normal thread, making the garment bulkier and heavier.

Weft knitting and warp knitting are two major types of knitting, with the weft knitting being more common. In weft knitting, the wales (loops) are perpendicular to the course set by the yarn, while in warp knitting the wales run parallel to the course. In weft knitting, a same yarn can be used to create the entire fabric, while in warp knitting a different yarn is required for every wale. Warp-knitted fabrics are most commonly used in lingerie as they are resistant to runs and are done by machines. Weft knit can be done by both hand as well as machines. Knitting is believed to originate in Egypt around the end of the first millennium AD.

Hand knitting, though no longer used for commercial purposes, have become a hobby, where hobbyists meet up either in person or online in order to share patterns, techniques and interests in knitting. In the US and UK, there are podcasts, websites and clubs just for knitting.

In weaving, fabrics are produced by interlacing two different sets of yarn or threads horizontally or vertically. The vertical threads are called as warp, while the horizontal treads are known as weft or filling. The method by which the threads are woven affects the characteristics of the cloth. Weaving is usually done on a loom, either machine or hand. The loom is used to hold the warp threads in place while weft threads are woven through them. The way the threads are interlaced is known as the weave. Patterns and other designs can also be woven on the cloth.

Weaving in a loom can be divided into three major parts: shedding, picking and beating. Shedding is where the ends are separated by raising or lowering heald frames to form a clear space where the pick can pass. Picking is where the weft can pass across the loom, and beating is where the weft is pushed up against the fell of the cloth by the reed. The variety of the garments produced during weaving depends on the colors of thread use and the sequence of the raising and lowering of warp threads. These days, computerized patterns are created which are then produced by the loom.

It is believed that weaving already existed during the Paleolithic era, while Neolithic textiles were first found in the pile drawings in Switzerland. By biblical times, weaving had already become popular as means of producing clothes. Early looms required two people to hold the shed and one person to pass the pick through the filling. Modern machine looms become popular during the Industrial Revolution and used wool as common thread. Woven threads are much more polished compared to knitted threads. They run mainly in one direction and hence are not elastic unless lycra, elastic or spandex fibers are woven into the fabric. Linen, denim, cotton twill, satin, chiffon, corduroy, tweed and canvas are all types of woven fabrics. Thread that is used in weaving is much thinner, producing lighter garments.

 

Knitting

Weaving

Definition

Knitting is a method that is used to produce fabric, by turning yarn into cloth

In weaving, fabrics are produced by interlacing two different sets of yarn or threads horizontally or vertically

Origin

Egypt at the end of the first millennium AD

Paleolithic era

Fabric

jersey, berber, interlock, mesh, toweling, etc

chambray, canvas, gabardine, denim, etc

Elasticity

Are stretchable

Can only be stretchable if lycra, elastic or spandex fibers are woven in the mix

Machinery

Knitting needles

Looms

Benefits

Casual, comfortable, easier to wash, inexpensive

Look crisp, does not shrink or lose shape, rigid fabric composition

Limitations

Shrink, stretch-out, can cling

Not soft, require dry cleaning, can wrinkle , expensive, does not stretch

Image Courtesy: cityweekend.com.cn, lynngrayross.co.uk

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Comments

Knitting is form wales and coarse and woven is form warp and weft

Thank you forinformation

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