Difference between Democracy and Monarchy

Key difference: Monarchy is the rule of the king, queen or emperor. Democracy is the form of government made by the people.

Democracy and Monarchy are two forms of government which are completely based on opposite principles. This article helps us differentiate between the two forms of governance.

A monarchy is a political system where the head of the state is decided by heredity and there are no elections for it. Upon the death of the monarch, the crown is passed from one generation to another. In monarchy, it is essential to be a part of the royal family, and it is the children of the existing monarch who inherit the title and the power. Monarchs use titles such as king, emperor, queen, duke and duchess. They hold the title for life or until abdication. The monarch is set apart from all other members of the state. He makes all the laws and decisions for the state and the people. In monarchy, the citizens are not equals in front of the law, higher officials of monarch are not restricted by the law. The citizens may be given the privilege of freedom and liberties, depending upon the preferences and inclinations of the monarch.

Monarchy is considered to be of two main types: constitutional or absolute. In a constitutional monarchy, power is isolated for the monarch in the constitution of the country. An example is UK, where the queen has no say in law making and does not deal with affairs of Parliament. She is the symbolic head of the government, and the royal family is simply continuing with its traditions. In an absolute monarchy, the royal family has supreme powers and it can participate in law making. There is no voice of the people and the government can implement laws as it wishes.

Democracy is a form of government in which the power of governing is derived from the people. It is a government formed by the people, and it is for the people. In this form of governance, power lies in the hands of the people. It is the people who choose their representative and elect him for governance by exercising their right to vote. People have a say in the making of laws along with the government. All the citizens in a democracy are treated as equals. Democracy is based on the principles of freedom and equality. There is no hierarchy in systems; women are considered equal and no superiority among citizens. There are various forms of democratic government: representative, liberal and constitutional. Each are based on the main ideas of democracy along with the government conditions.

Comparison between Democracy and Monarchy:





It is the form of government made by the people.

It is the rule of the king, queen or the emperor.


It is elected by the people.

The crown is passed from one generation to another.


The people and government make the law.

The king makes the law in absolute monarchy.


The elected representatives of the people rule.

It is a family affair.


It originated in Greece.

It is an anglicized meaning of ‘alone’ in Greek.


Freedom is respected.

Freedom is oppressed by the monarch.


All citizens of the state are considered equal.

People are not considered equal.

Attitude for people

People are free from oppression.

People are oppressed for personal gain.


India and USA are democracies.

UK is a limited monarchy. Saudi Arabia, UAE are absolute monarchies.

Image Courtesy: theomgthread.blogspot.com, greece.mrdonn.org

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This was helpful thxs.

super helpful!!! i took a lot of notes on this, thank you!

Hi how are you guys im a 12 single

nice site easy to understand and helpful

Very useful

Difference between Democracy and Monarchy | Democracy vs Monarchy

monarchy does not give equal rights to all citizens and decision making is also sometimes unfair

very helpful for a test

really it's very useful , and helpful and i think monarchy is really hereditary as people may not do what they want

very helpful


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