Difference between Democrat and Republican

Key difference: The Democratic Party has stated itself to be left-of-center on the left-right political spectrum. It has promoted a social liberal and progressive platform. The Republic Party is the biggest competitor of the Democratic Party. It considers itself to be as right-wing on the left-right political spectrum and prides itself on American conservatism.

The Democratic Party and the Republic Party are the two biggest political parties in the United States of America. United States is currently considered to be a two-party system. Each President of the United States since 1852 has belonged to either one of these parties. The two parties have also controlled the United States Congress to some extent since at least 1856.

The Democratic Party has stated itself to be left-of-center on the left-right political spectrum. It is one of the oldest parties in United States, in fact the world. It has promoted a social liberal and progressive platform. Its Congressional committee is composed of progressives, liberals, centrists, and libertarians. President Barack Obama and former presidents Bill Clinton, Jimmy Carter, Lyndon B. Johnson, John F. Kennedy, Harry S. Truman, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson have belonged to the Democratic Party.

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The Republic Party is the biggest competitor of the Democratic Party. It considers itself to be as right-wing on the left-right political spectrum and prides itself on American conservatism. The principle of American conservatism is based on classical liberalism and not wholly upon rejection of the political ideology of liberalism. The Republican Party's conservatism is largely based upon its support of classical principles against the modern liberalism of the Democratic Party.

Former presidents George W. Bush, George H. W. Bush, Ronald Reagan, Richard Nixon, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln have belonged to the Republic Party.

A comparison of the stance that the Democratic Party and the Republic Party take on modern issues:




Founded in



Political Spectrum

Left – Liberal

Right – Conservative

Representative Symbol



Representative Color



Size of Government

Promote big government

Promote small government

Role of Government

Active – It is the government’s responsibility to take care of its citizens

Advisory – People should take care of themselves

Power of Government

The government should have a central policy on some matter, so as to avoid dissent.

State government should pass laws, Federal government should have limited power


Favor minimum wages

Wages should be set by the free market.


Lower taxes for lower and middle class, higher taxes for the wealthy. Aim to extend key tax relief for working families and those paying for college, while asking the wealthiest and corporations to pay their fair share.

Lower taxes for all. Government should not raise taxes to balance their budgets. Aim to extend the Bush tax cuts...reform the tax code…eliminate the taxes on interest, dividends, and capital gains altogether for lower and middle-income taxpayers; End the Death Tax; and Repeal the Alternative Minimum Tax

National Debt

Cut programs that cannot be afforded, ask wealthiest to contribute fair share through taxes.

Aim to “place a hard cap on federal spending to force our government to live within its means and put an end to deficit spending.”

Small Business

Aim to raise taxes on almost 1 million small businesses to pay for government programs.

say the regulations and tax increases will hurt the small businesses, rather than support these job creators.

Jobs and Unemployment

Have increased stimulus funds and government intervention to solve economic problems.

Believe the way to reduce unemployment is to get out of business owners’ way by reducing government mandates.

Unemployment Insurance Benefits

Tend to favor longer unemployment benefits.

Tend to favor shorter unemployment benefits.


Believe that the right to organize and collectively bargain is a fundamental American value; every American should have a voice on the job and a chance to negotiate for a fair day’s pay after a hard day’s work. Believe all workers have a right to organize and to join a union.

Support the right of states to enact right-to-work laws and encourage them to do so to promote greater economic liberty. support the enactment of a national right-to-work law to promote worker freedom and to promote greater economic liberty.

National Defense

Believe military spending is too high and plan to cut defense spending by an undetermined amount.

Aim set defense spending at a floor of 4% of GDP. Believe the country should be military ready for any threat.

Capital Punishment

Less support for the death penalty

Favor capital punishment and stricter punishments as a means to prevent crime


Immigrants can help strengthen economy. Advocate comprehensive immigration reform that brings undocumented immigrants out of the shadows and requires them to get right with the law, learn English, and pay taxes in order to get on a path to earn citizenship.

Oppose any form of amnesty for immigrants. support the mandatory use of the Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements (S.A.V.E.) program—an internet-based system that verifies the lawful presence of applicants— prior to the granting of any State or federal government entitlements or IRS refunds.


To move towards a sustainable energy-independent future, harness all of America’s natural resources, to develop America’s many energy resources, including wind, solar, bio-fuels, geothermal, hydropower, nuclear, oil, clean coal, and natural gas.

Advocate taking advantage of all our American God-given resources. Support increased funding for development of clean alternative fuels.


Say protecting natural resources will create jobs and preserve habitats -- and ensure outdoor activities for the future. Believe global climate change is one of the biggest threats of this generation

Feel economic prosperity and environmentalism must work together with regulations based on science. Do not believe in climate change and global warming.

Health Care

Everyone should purchase government-run Obamacare funded through taxes.

Support the ability of all organizations to provide, purchase, or enroll in healthcare coverage consistent with their religious, moral or ethical convictions without discrimination or penalty


Pro-choice, women should have a right to choose.

Pre-life, abortion is murder

Gay marriage

Anyone has the right to get married

Marriage should only be between a man and a woman.


Pro-Gun Control, more regulations needed to control gun ownership

Support the second-amendment, everyone has the ‘right to bear arms’


Aim to make college affordable for students of all backgrounds and confront the loan burden our students shoulder. Have doubled our investment in Pell Grant scholarships and created the American Opportunity Tax Credit worth up to $10,000 over four years of college.

Support options for learning, including home schooling and local innovations like single-sex classes, full-day school hours, and year-round schools.

Sex Education

Support evidence-based and age appropriate sex education.

Call for replacing ‘family planning’ programs for teens with abstinence education.

Image Courtesy: askphil.net, logcabin.org

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