Difference between Diabetes and Sugar

Key difference: Sugar is the generalized name for a class of chemically-related sweet-flavored substances, most of which are used as food. However, when relating to diabetes, sugar is often referring to blood sugar. The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) that is present in the blood. High Blood Sugar is a condition that at times may affect some people. If the blood sugar levels are often outside the normal range, it may be an indicator of a medical condition, such as Diabetes.

Sugar is the generalized name for a class of chemically-related sweet-flavored substances, most of which are used as food. They are carbohydrates, composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Simple sugars are called monosaccharides and include glucose (also known as dextrose), fructose and galactose. In fact nearly all foods have some type and level of sugar in them.

However, when relating to diabetes, sugar is often referring to blood sugar. The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) that is present in the blood. When the body breaks down food, the sugars are broken down for use as energy by the body. The body mainly uses glucose for energy. The glucose is transported from the intestines or liver to body cells via the bloodstream. Here, a hormone makes the glucose available for cell absorption. The hormone is called insulin and is produced primarily in the pancreas.

High Blood Sugar is a condition that at times may affect some people. The reason for high blood sugar is that either there isn’t enough insulin in the body or that the cells do not react as expected to the insulin. Both cases result in the cells not absorbing the glucose, hence increased levels of glucose in the bloodstream.

It is the body’s task to naturally maintain the glucose level as a part of metabolic homeostasis. However, at times the body may not be able to tightly regulate the blood glucose levels. If the blood sugar levels are often outside the normal range, it may be an indicator of a medical condition, such as Diabetes.

Diabetes is a type of disease that affects people with high blood sugar. There may be two main reasons for diabetes; either that the pancreas is not producing enough insulin to as to counter the amount of glucose in the bloodstream or that the cells are not responding to the insulin that is produced. The high blood sugar levels correspond to classical symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst and increased hunger.

There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 Diabetes – This relates to the body's failure to produce insulin. It requires the person to inject insulin or wear an insulin pump. Also known as "juvenile diabetes".
  • Type 2 Diabetes – This results from insulin resistance, in which cells fail to use insulin properly or are resistant to insulin. Also known as "adult-onset diabetes".
  • Gestational Diabetes – This occurs when pregnant women without a previous diagnosis of diabetes develop a high blood glucose level. It may precede development of type 2 DM.

Some other forms of diabetes include congenital diabetes, which is due to genetic defects of insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, steroid diabetes induced by high doses of glucocorticoids, and several forms of monogenic diabetes.

Image Courtesy: ucsf.edu, dhs.wisconsin.gov

Most Searched in Electronics Most Searched in Computers and Internets
Most Searched in Business and Finance Most Searched in Food and Drink
LG Optimus G Pro vs iPhone 5
Ajax vs JavaScript
City vs District
Castor Oil vs Coconut Oil

Add new comment

Plain text

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.