Difference between Feelings and Emotions
Key Difference: Feelings mean anything that can be experienced via touch, smell, sight or any other sensory organ. Emotion is used to describe psychophysiological expressions, biological reactions, and mental states.
Feelings and emotions are two related concepts that are often confused due to them being similar in nature. Many people use these words interchangeable and they may not be wrong as in many cases these words can be used interchangeably. For example: A person could have happy feelings but this could also be their emotions. Confused how? Let’s look at the definitions below.
The word ‘feeling’ is derived from the verb ‘to feel’ and means anything that can be experienced via touch, smell, see or any other sensory organ. It then broadened to describe experiences that were not limited to physical sensations. This meant that it could now also be used to explain any type of experience that happens beyond physical, i.e. the feeling of warmth, cold, etc. APA Dictionary of Psychology states that this word is reserved for the conscious subjective experience of emotion in psychology. It simply means that the emotions that are being realized by the individual. Psychotherapy, sympathy and empathy depend on people realizing and understanding another person’s feelings. Feelings are believed to be a state of consciousness that arises from emotions, sentiments or desires. Feelings can be short-term or long-term depending on the type of feeling. For example, feelings of love are long-term, while happiness or sadness can be short-term. Examples of feelings include excitement, shock, pain (physical), etc.
Dictionary.com defines ‘feelings’ as:
- The function or the power of perceiving by touch.
- Physical sensation connected with sight, hearing, taste, or smell.
- A particular sensation of this kind: a feeling of warmth; a feeling of pain.
- The general state of consciousness considered independently of particular sensations, thoughts, etc.
- A consciousness or vague awareness: a feeling of inferiority.
The word ‘emotion’ is used as a generic term for subjective, conscious experience that is characterized primarily by psychophysiological expressions, biological reactions, and mental states, according to Wikipedia. It is often associated with mood, temperament, personality, disposition, and motivation. Many branches of science state that emotions are often caused by the release of hormones and neurotransmitters, which then convert this emotion into feelings. Hormones and neurotransmitters include dopamine, noradrenaline, serotonin, oxytocin and cortisol. Hence it can be said that all of the emotions stem from the brain, which then sends for hormones and neurotransmitters to make the body realize these emotions, which are then converted into feelings; these feelings are often short-lived. Emotions are considered to long-lived and are believed to be often the driving force behind motiviation. Examples of emotions include affection, lust, hurt, jealousy, etc.
‘Emotion’ is defined as:
- An affective state of consciousness in which joy, sorrow, fear, hate, or the like, is experienced, as distinguished from cognitive and volitional states of consciousness.
- Any of the feelings of joy, sorrow, fear, hate, love, etc.
- Any strong agitation of the feelings actuated by experiencing love, hate, fear, etc., and usually accompanied by certain physiological changes, as increased heartbeat or respiration, and often overt manifestation, as crying or shaking.
Something that causes such a reaction: the powerful emotion of a great symphony.
Now, let's get back to the original example in the beginning; the particular feeling of happiness could also be an emotion as the brain could release endorphins or other hormones, which would then convince the body that it was feeling happy. This would result in a person experiencing happiness as an emotion as well as a feeling. Feelings are experienced via physical means as well as mental states. However, emotions are often considered to stem from mental states. Emotions are also believed to be scientifically related and go deeper to a person’s mental state and how an individual’s brain works, while feelings are only what a person experiences on the surface. Feelings can also trigger emotions, such as a certain smell (i.e. pie) could take a person back to good memories which can help the brain release hormones making the person feel strong emotions of happiness or sadness. Also feelings are easier to subside, while emotions need to be worked out. If emotions are constantly bottled up they can cause a person to have an emotional breakdown.
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