Difference between Fox, Jackal and Wolf

Key Difference: Fox, Jackal and Wolf, all three mammals belong to the Canadae family of mammals. Canids are further divided into the Canini (dog-like canids) and Vulpini (fox-like canids). Most of the foxes belong to Vulpini tribe, whereas wolves and jackals belong to Canini tribe. Wolves fall in the largest members of the Canadae family and are part of the Genus Canis (except Maned wolf). Jackals include 3 species which are commonly found in Asia, Africa and Europe. Nearly 37 species are included in the Fox group. However, only 12 species are known as ‘true foxes’. Generally,  Fox and jackal do not hunt in packs like wolves.

Fox is a member of omnivorous mammals which belong to the dog family (Canadae). Actually, the term fox refers to the species classified as “true” foxes (genus Vulpes).  The female is called a vixen. It is a highly alert animal. Foxes have lean bodies which are covered with long and thick fur. They have short legs and a long bushy tail. The color of fur varies from species to species.

It can be of any color from almost white to red. Fox is related to animals like jackals and wolfs, which are members of the coyote family. Fox is well known for its excellent hearing and smell sensing capability.

Various breeds of foxes are found like – red fox, arctic fox, bat-eared fox, etc. However, red fox is the most common breed among them. Jackal is a wolf-like carnivores belonging to the dog genus Canis, family Canadae. It is a medium sized carnivore which possess doglike features. It also has a bushy tail.

They are primarily found in Africa, the Middle East and India. Jackals can be mainly divided into three species - the Common Jackal (Canis aureus), the Side-striped Jackal (Canis adustus) and the Black-backed Jackal (Canis mesomelas). Common Jackals are also known as Asiatic Jackals, Oriental Jackals and Golden Jackals. They are nocturnal and omniveorous scavangers.

Wolf are also dog-like mammals.  They are wild carnivorus mammals and  belong to the Order Carivora of the family Canadae. There are three species of wolves – Cannis Iupus (The Gray Wolf), Canis Rufus (The Red Wolf) and Canis Simensis (The Abyssinian Wolf).  They are well known for their spine-tingling howl which they use for communication or sending messages. The average life span may vary from six to eight years.

Fox, Jackal and Wolf, all three mammals belong to the Canadae family of mammals. Canids are further divided into the Canini (dof-like canids) and Vulpini (fox like canids). Most of the foxes belong to Vulpini tribe, whereas wolves and jackals belong to Canini tribe. Foxes are generally smaller than jackal and wolves.

Comparison between Fox, Jackal and Wolf:

 

Fox

Jackal

Wolf

Classification

An alert omnivorous mammal of the Canadae family

Medium sized carnivore member of the dog family, found in Africa, Asia and Europe

Wolf belong to the group of carnivorous mammals of the genus Canis

 

Average Size and weight

Average height: 15 - 35 inches and Average weight: 12 - 15 pounds.

Vary in size, measuring 15-20 inches high at the shoulder. They weigh nearly 15-35 pounds.

In general, height varies from 0.6 to .95 metres (26 - 38 inches) at the shoulder and weight ranges from 20 to 62 kilograms.

Distinctive features

Lean bodies covered with long, thick fur. Most foxes have a disagreeable odor. Their eyes are capable of seeing in dark

Common jackal has a sandy colored coat. Blacke backed jackal has large eyes and a black mantle streaked with silver on its back. Side striped Jackal is little is comparatively dull.

Mammal with pointed snout and ears and a bushy tail, or brush

Habitat

Habitat varies from grasslands, mountainous areas and deserts as well as thick forests and urban settlement areas.

Jackals habitats include desert, grassy plains and open (sometimes wooded) savannas depending on species.

Habitat varies from a forest, swampy areas, deserts, artic areas.

Type

Omnivorous Hunters 

Omnivorous Scavengers

Scavengers and hunters

 

Image Courtesy: blogs.rep-am.com, retrieverman.net, universeofsymbolism.com

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Comments

In Distincive Features in the wolves side, it says fxes. Is that supposed to be there?

Hi, thank you for pointing that out. It has been fixed now.

The jackal and fox types have been switched

Hi, thank you for pointing that out. It has been fixed now.

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