Difference between Joint Family and Nuclear Family

Key Difference: In simple terms, the main difference between joint family and nuclear family is that a joint family is a big family, whereas a nuclear family is a small family.

Family is the most important part of a person; from an early age a child is taught the importance of a family and the part he/she is expected to play in the family. Girls are most commonly taught about cooking, while boys are taught the family business. However, these importances are differentiated according to the families people live in. In this article, let us mainly focus on two families, i.e. joint family and nuclear family.

In a joint family, even if parents go to work, grandparents will be taking care of the children. They will be instructing them the right manners and good qualities about life, and turn the life of children in the opposite way. In the nuclear family, parents quarrel with each other and there is no one to settle the issue. However, in joint family there are parents or in-laws to give advice to the parents to settle the issue.

Tribes, small villages, group of people and such small civilization units are the predecessors of the joint families. Joint families are still common in several parts of the worlds, India, China, African nations and even Arab nations having a large number of such families. Whereas, nuclear families are widely popular in the United States and Europe.

A major importance is placed on family; traditional cultures suggest living in joint families, where parents, male children, children’s spouses and grandchildren, all reside in the same house. However, nuclear families have started receiving more importance in urban cultures.

Comparison between Joint Family and Nuclear Family:


Joint Family

Nuclear Family



A type of extended family composed of parents, their children, and the children's spouses and offspring in one household.

A social unit composed of two parents and one or more children.





Joint Family is mostly helpful in developing good qualities of the individual.

In a nuclear family, it is not necessary that parents can’t develop good qualities in their children, but yes, it is true that this becomes difficult at times.


The primary emotion is a general affectionate bond between two generations and within the members of the generations.

Nuclear family is mainly based upon the emotion of parental love and sibling connection and hence the structural functionalism (mechanism of relationships) is fairly straightforward.


Joint families have less freedom.

Nuclear families have more freedom.

Financial needs

Joint family has less financial needs.

Nuclear family has more financial needs.

Youngsters prefer

Youngsters who prefer social life with better support system prefer joint families.

Youngsters prefer freedom and less restriction choose nuclear family.


Joint families have more quarrels.

Nuclear families have fewer quarrels.

Image Courtesy: marathiactors.com, sheknows.com

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Joint family is better than nuclear so that very low expense than joint family.

ilove nuclear family bt sumtimes joint family too

I love joint family because we always learn good manner by our families.....

i love joint family bt sometimes nuclear family

I like nuclear family........

im living in a joint family with 15 people under one roof..we don't quarrel much..everyone in my family listen to my grandma advice.I love to play n pull pranks with my cousins.My cousins just like my best friend who always there for me! I don't seek any help from outer people as i always got cousins to backup me.my aunt and uncle are the one always disciplined us.My family doesn't have any social problem.we always look after each other.When there is financial problem everyone will help. i love my joint family alootttttt....(I'm from indian family living in Malaysia )

u r lucky coz in mauritius nowadays extended family is coming to an end.no one wants to live with parents now it causing lots of problems as well if we live in nuclear family less meeting of people less talking n less problems

Joint faimily is best faimily

In joint family together they watch TV show with a big fun and love...

I like join family because Children are not negteted


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