Difference between President and Prime Minister of India

Key difference: President of India is the formal head of the executive, legislature and judiciary of India and is the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The Prime Minister of India is the chief of government, chief advisor to the President of India, head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in parliament.

The Government of India is considered to be a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and such is the largest democracy in the world. The parliamentary government has both a President and a Prime Minister. However, their roles differ vastly. According to the Constitution of India, the President is the head of the State, the first citizen of India and the Constitutional head. The President appoints the Prime Minister for help in the administration of the affairs of the executive.

The President of India is the chief executive and the head of the State, as well as the supreme commander of all three of the country’s armed forces. The President is the formal head of the executive, legislature and judiciary of India. The President serves a term of five years and is elected by the members of the Parliament of India and the state legislatures. The Vice-President is elected by a direct vote of all elected members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

According to the Constitution of India, the Prime Minister is the chief of government, the chief advisor to the President of India, the head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in parliament. The Prime Minister leads the executive branch of the Government of India. He is the senior member and the chairman of the cabinet and such can select and dismiss other members of the cabinet. He allocates posts to members within the Government and is responsible for bringing legislation proposals. The cabinet is dissolved in the event of the resignation or death of the Prime Minister.

The Council of Ministers takes all decisions, makes appointments, and signs all treaties in the name of the President of India. The President signs all the bills passed in the Parliament before they become law. However, he cannot reject them but may ask the Parliament to reconsider them. The President is also responsible for all ceremonial functions. He has to be kept updated about all the crucial matters of the nation by the Council of Ministers. The President also has the right to give amnesty to prisoners and declare national, state, or financial emergencies. State emergencies are also called “President’s rule”.

Further differences among the President and the Prime Minister are:

 

President of India

Prime Minister of India

Style

President (Within India)

His Excellency (Outside India)

Mr. Prime Minister
The Honourable

Residence

Rashtrapati Bhavan

Panchavati,
New Delhi

Role

The head of state of the Republic of India.

The chief of government, chief advisor to the President of India, head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in parliament.

Leads

The executive, legislature and judiciary of India.

The executive branch of the Government of India.

Responsibility

The formal head of the executive, legislature and judiciary of India and is the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

He is the senior member of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. The prime minister selects and can dismiss other members of the cabinet; allocates posts to members within the Government; is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet and is responsible for bringing proposal of legislation.

Appointment

Elected from a group of nominees, by the elected members of the Parliament of India (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) as well as of the state legislatures (Vidhan Sabhas).

Appointed by the President to assist in the administration of the affairs of the executive. 

Term length

Five years (renewable)

The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.

Eligibility

A President must be:

  • A citizen of India
  • Should be 35 years of age or above
  • Qualified to become a member of the Lok Sabha

Cannot hold any office of profit under the Government of India.

A Prime Minister must be:

  • A citizen of India. (by birth)
  • Should be a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. If a person elected prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor Rajya Sabha, then he must become a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha within six months.
  • Should be over 25 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Lok Sabha) or over 30 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Rajya Sabha).

Cannot hold any office of profit under the Government of India.

Inaugural holder

Rajendra Prasad

26 January 1950

Jawaharlal Nehru
15 August 1947 (65 years ago)

Formation

Indian Constitution

26 January 1950

Indian Constitution
15 August 1947 (65 years ago)

Annual salary

Rs. 18 lakh

Rs.16.2 lakh 

Removal

Term End, Impeachment, for violation of the Constitution of India.

Change in the majority of Parliament.

Image Courtesy: wittysparks.com, updatemart.com

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Comments

Prime minister's differences not be able to seen

this help in my project

Very clear.

Thanks I m cleared with the difference

Is president nominal or constitutional head? What's the reason?

Name of the prime minister is wrong...its Narendra Modi now

Are you retarded, Inaugural is the first holder, and the first prime minister is Nehru.

thanks alot ,after reading this all my confusion are gone.

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