Difference between Accident and Incident

Key Difference: The word accident has a negative implication and could result in loss of life, or damage to goods. An incident on the other hand can refer to any even that happens; it could be positive or negative.

Accident and incident are two different words that are often confused and used interchangeably, however, these words are different from each other and have different implications.

The word accident has a negative implication and could result in loss of life, or damage to goods. It means mishap, an unforeseen event or an unplanned circumstance that occur, with a most common negative outcome. The word has also been started to use in positive manner, where something that happens unexpectedly can also lead to go things.

The word ‘accident’ is defined by Merriam Webster as:

  • an unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance
  • lack of intention or necessity: chance
  • an unfortunate event resulting especially from carelessness or ignorance
  • an unexpected and medically important bodily event especially when injurious
  • an unexpected happening causing loss or injury which is not due to any fault or misconduct on the part of the person injured but for which legal relief may be sought


  • There was huge accident, which cost many lives on the bridge.
  • Mike was injured in an accident at work.
  • I accidently lost my keys.
  • Running into Molly was a happy accident. (Positive implication)

An incident on the other hand can refer to any even that happens; it could be positive or negative. In many times, incident is often interchanged with accident, if it has a most positive implication. It is used to describe any incidents in general. Incidents usually have adjectives before the word, in order to explain the type of incident it is.

The word ‘incident’ is defined as:

  • something dependent on or subordinate to something else of greater or principal importance
  • an occurrence of an action or situation that is a separate unit of experience: happening
  • an accompanying minor occurrence or condition
  • an action likely to lead to grave consequences especially in diplomatic matters


  • Two people were shot yesterday in two separate incidents.
  • Many such incidents go unreported.
  • Mary was shaken by the incident.
  • The bombing caused an international incident.

In this manner, every accident can be an incident as incidents can have both a positive as well as a negative implication. However not all incidents can be termed as an accident.

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Risk is the product of work impact known as severity and the likelihood of such impact. Hazard is anything that can cause injuries to people, damage and loss of properties.

Risk=Probability *Severity*Exposure Hazard is the event that potential to cause harm or property damage or environment impact. Such as Banana skin laying on the road is hazard but due to that skin person may fall down -it is risk.

A Hazards is anything in the work place that has the potential to harm people

The difference between hazard and risk. Always remember Probability × Consequence= Risk or Risk= Probabiliy × Consequence. Risk is the negative result when the hazard is ignored. No immediate corrective action done to prevent the risk.

All accidents are comes under incident , but all incidents are not, Risk , probability of realization of hazard. Hazard , is the inherent property of a substance or an occurrence which can cause injury or death to person damage to property ,etc...

Well thats something to think seriously for.. But isn't it so that an accident occurs and incident is the description of that accident a bit later? Reply will be awaited eagerly..

Hazard is the unsafe condition or a practice that could cause injury or illness to an employee and uts preventable

risk is a likely hood of hazard and hazard the thing which has potential to cause harm that is hazard

Risk is the combination of likelihood & Consequence .and hazard is any things that could cause harm

It is likely hood of harm occurring or The danger a hazard represents to personnel,property and environment.
It is an article,substance,situation or condition having that anything has the potential to cause harm or damage.


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