Difference between Mozzarella Cheese and Cheddar Cheese

Key difference: While there are many differences between Mozzarella and Cheddar cheese, it is notable that the former comes from Italy, while the latter is said to have originated in England.

Cheese is a major ingredient used in many delicacies these days. As a dairy product, cheese is widely manufactured, sold and consumed all over the world. Be it kids, adults or older adults, everyone enjoys a good spread of cheese in their meals. Given the kind of popularity and following that cheese enjoys, many different types of it have come into existence, such as the mozzarella and cheddar cheese. Like it happens with many variants of cheese, mozzarella and cheddar are often thought to be they same, but it isn’t so.

Originating in Italy, mozzarella is a kind of cheese that is known for its soft and chewy texture. Mozzarella cheese is usually made from the milk of the water buffalo, and is white in color. Its color can change to yellow as well, depending on the diet of the animal that the milk is derived from. Cow’s milk is also sometimes used in the preparation of mozzarella cheese.

Cheddar cheese has its place of origin as the Somerset County of England. It’s a type of cheese that has a hard texture and appears to be yellowish white in color. Made using milk from the cow, cheddar cheese is probably the most commercially produced cheese variant. It is produced in countries such as Australia, Belgium, United States, Netherlands, New Zealand and Sweden among many other countries.

Mozzarella and cheddar cheese vary in more ways than one. Mozzarella cheese has quite a long life; it can be preserved in the refrigerator for about one month, and in some cases, it can be preserved for more than 6 months as well. However, cheddar cheese has an even more astonishing shelf life, as it can be preserved up to 60 months at a stretch. Cheddar cheese is frequently pasteurized, but mozzarella cheese doesn’t require to be pasteurized very often. Further, cheddar cheese needs to be kept at a constant temperature and requires special facilities for storage, while its counterpart, mozzarella doesn’t require any such special attention.

Additionally, cheddar cheese needs to be packaged carefully because of the presence of calcium lactate in it, but mozzarella can be packaged easily and swiftly. Notably, mozzarella cheese is the more widely used option for making dishes like pizzas and pastas, as compared to cheddar cheese. Therefore, there are many differences between mozzarella and cheddar cheese.

Comparison between Mozzarella and Cheddar Cheese:


Mozzarella Cheese

Cheddar Cheese

Made using

Water buffalo’s milk/ Cow’s milk

Cow’s milk




Shelf life

Up to  one month in the refrigerator, up to 6 months as well in some cases

Up to 60 months at a stretch


Less, as compared to cheddar cheese

More than mozzarella cheese


Easy and convenient

Needs careful packaging because of the presence of calcium lactate



Yellowish white

Place of Origin



Commercial production

Less than cheddar cheese

Much more than mozzarella

Popular dishes made using

Pizza, pasta, etc.

Macaroni and cheese, etc.

Image Courtesy: commons.wikimedia.org, pop-a-harrys.com

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