Difference between Nebula and Galaxy

Key Difference: Nebula is a cloud in deep space consisting of gas or dirt/dust (e.g. cloud formed after a star explodes). A group of numerous stars, dust, planets and other interstellar matter, tied together by a gravitational force is known as a Galaxy.

Nebula is a cloud in deep space consisting of gas or dirt/dust. The word Nebula has been derived from the Latin word, meaning “cloud”. Nebula is also called as nebulae. Dust and gas clouds are called nebula. In the earlier time, galaxies were also called nebula by astronomers because of their fuzzy appearance. However, nowadays the word nebula is used for extended objects consisting mostly of gas and dust. It comes in many shapes and sizes and forms in many different ways.

Generally, there are four kinds of nebulae in the astronomers’ heavens. All types of nebulas are found within our own star system, of which one is the Galaxy.

A collection comprising of stars, dust, planets, and other interstellar matter bound together by gravity is termed as a Galaxy. A Galaxy can contain any number of elements. For example, a small Galaxy may just comprise of a few thousand stars, whereas a large Galaxy may contain billions of stars in it. Milky Way is an example of a Galaxy; it is a Galaxy that consists our Earth and Sun. The astronomers can only provide information about the known and observable Galaxies in the Universe. However, there might be various other Galaxies present in the whole Universe.

A round and massive spiral nebula may also be called an Island Universe. It is a system of stars and heavenly bodies in itself. It may also be called as Galaxy. Thousands perhaps millions of these huge wheels of stars dot the vast reaches of outer space.

In short, a galaxy is a massive collection of stars and nebulae.

Comparison between Nebula and Galaxy:

 

Nebula

Galaxy

Description

Nebula is a cloud in deep space consisting of gas or dirt/dust (e.g. cloud formed after a star explodes).

A group of numerous stars, dust, planets and other interstellar matter, tied together by a gravitational force is known as a Galaxy.

Types

  • Galaxies
  • Emission nebula
  • Reflection nebula
  • Planetary nebula
  • Dark nebula
  • Globular clusters
  • Open clusters
  • Spirals
  • Elliptical
  • Irregulars

Made of

  • Dust
  • Hydrogen
  • Plasma
  • Helium gas
  • Billions to trillions of stars
  • Plasma
  • Gas

Contains

Nebula contains of carbon, nitrogen and oxygen, and then they finally expand and merge.

Galaxies contain varying number of star systems, star clusters and types of interstellar clouds.

Examples

  • Now researchers have caught shining suns in the act of nebula formation.
  • The nebula becomes rocky and lumpy, the reasons are still mysterious.
  • Is a solar nebula the reason or is gravity the reason?
  • Some galaxies rotate so fast that they should be throwing off their outermost stars.
  • The scientists are recently working on grouping dwarf galaxies.
  • He spends a substantial amount of his time roaming around at night among stars and galaxies.

Image courtesy: blackskies.org, cosmotography.com

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Comments

Cheers this helped me with my physics.

I am interested in if these gases combined with dust can become deadly and create a deadly gassy toxic tornado if they reached earths atmosphere

ok my name is Frankie Hathaway in the haunted hathaways I think you should be a astrologer if you aren't one

oui it was very reasonable....

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