Difference between Determiners and Adjectives

Key difference: A determiner precedes a noun or a noun phrase by introducing it to the reader/listener. An adjective describes a noun by providing some information about it.

A determiner, as suggested by the word itself, can be understood as a word that determines a noun or a noun phrase. A determiner precedes a noun in the sentence and is indicative of the scope of the noun. Determiners are basically used to indicate the nouns that are being referred to in a sentence. Determiners are of different types such as:

  • Articles: Articles double up as determiners in a sentence when placed before a noun or a noun phrase. The article ‘the’ is called as a definite article as it points to a particular thing being mentioned in the sentence. Whereas, the articles ‘a’ and ‘an’ are called as indefinite articles as they can refer to a class of noun being mentioned in the text.
  • Demonstratives: Words like ‘this’ and ‘that’ feature in this category of the determiners. They are used to demonstrate an object being talked about in the sentence. Sometimes, such words play as the subject in a sentence. These words basically function as pointers.
  • Possessive determiners: As suggested by the term, these words are used to show possession of an object, a person or a place. Words like my, mine, his, her, their, our, etc. feature as possessive determiners in the English language.
  • Quantifiers: These words reveal the quantity of the noun being mentioned in the text. They quantify nouns through words like many, few, several, etc. Words like these are often associated with nouns that bear relevance to numbers.

On the other hand, an adjective is basically a word which is used to describe a noun. An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by usually preceding it. Adjectives are also widely used to provide some extra information about a noun being mentioned in a piece of text. Being one of the eight parts of speech in English, adjectives were formerly considered as determiners . However, the modern linguists now understand the two as a separate class of words altogether. Based on the occurrences that adjectives make in various kinds of sentences, they are classified into:

  • Attributive adjectives: These are the adjectives that are part of the noun phrase in a sentence. They usually precede the noun present in the phrase, of which they describe a quality. For instance, in the phrase ‘crazy person’, the word ‘crazy’ is the adjective used for person, which means that being crazy is actually an attribute of the person being mentioned.
  • Predicative adjectives: Adjectives like these are tagged to the noun or the pronoun that they modify. For instance, the word ‘busy’ in ‘they seem busy’ is a predicative adjective. The word ‘happy’ in a phrase like ‘they are happy’ is also an example of predicative adjective.
  • Absolute adjectives: As the name suggests, absolute adjectives are definite in nature. These adjectives cannot be used in comparative sentences. This is because these adjectives cannot be further intensified. For instance, words like ‘unique’ and ‘perfect’ can be said to be absolute adjectives. One can’t exaggerate these words to be ‘unique-er’ or ‘perfect-er’. These shall remain as they are, or absolute.
  • Nominal adjectives: Nominal adjectives are adjectives which act almost as a noun. For instance, in the sentence ‘given a choice of two candies, I would like to have one and return the other’; the word ‘other’ plays the nominal adjective. This word is actually short for ‘other candy’, or ‘other one’. However, the word ‘other’ itself suffices for the cause.

Therefore, determiners and adjectives are both vital in providing context to a sentence.

Comparison between Determiners and Adjectives:

 

Determiners

Adjectives

Meaning

A determiner precedes a noun or a noun phrase by introducing it to the reader/listener.

An adjective describes a noun by providing some information about it.

Types

Articles, demonstrative, possessive, etc.

Nominal, predicative, absolute, etc.

Example of usage

I love this delicious pasta.

I love this delicious pasta.

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Comments

Thanks for the explanation, I understand.

Thanx a lot it really helped me out may god bless u

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